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Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo
2014, vol. 51, iss. 3, pp. 161-165
article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
published on: 20/03/2015
doi: 10.5937/ratpov51-6803
Soybean production and a possibility to economize the use of mineral fertilizers
aInstitute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad
bMegatrend University, Faculty of Biofarming, Bačka Topola
cUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture

e-mail: vojin.djukic@nsseme.com

Project

Interdisciplinary Approach to Development of New Soybean Varieties and Improvement of the Cultivation Practices and Seed Production (MESTD - 31022)

Abstract

The trial was carried out in the period 2007-2010 at the experimental field of the Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops in Novi Sad, Serbia. Study was based on applied different fertilizer doses (mineral fertilizers and harvest residues of the previous crop). Trial variants were arranged in a randomized block design and they included: 0 kg N ha-1 without ploughing under crop residues; 0 kg N ha-1 + crop residues; 50 kg N ha-1 + crop residues; 150 kg N ha-1 + crop residues; 250 kg N ha-1 + crop residues. There were two trial sub-variants with and without soybean seed inoculation within each variant. Seed of soybean cultivar Proteinka (maturity group 0) was inoculated directly before planting, using microbial fertilizer NS-Nitragin containing a mixture of selected highly effective Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains. Seed inoculation produced statistically highly significant yield increases in all four trial years, while the variants with higher doses of nitrogen applied under a preceding crop showed increases in mineral nitrogen uptake from the soil without adequate increases in soybean yield. The application of microbial fertilizers and ploughing under crop residues evidently ensured high yields of soybean, even with reduced doses of nitrogen fertilizer applied to a preceding crop.

Keywords

References

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