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2016, vol. 20, br. 2, str. 97-101
Posležetveni ostaci semenskog useva trava za bioenergiju
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Institut za primenu nuklearne energije - INEP
cInstitut za stočarstvo, Beograd-Zemun

e-adresaalsimic@agrif.bg.ac.rs
Projekat:
Unapređenje tehnologije gajenja krmnih biljaka na oranicama i travnjacima (MPNTR - 31016)

Ključne reči: bioenergija; biomasa; semenski usev; trava
Sažetak
Pri proizvodnji semena trava se stvara velika količina biomase koja je slabijeg kvaliteta za ishranu domaćih životinja, ali može biti pogodna za korišćenje kao izvor energije biljnog porekla. Na primeru gajenja dve travne vrste, italijanskog ljulja tokom 4 godine (2003-2006) i visokog vijuka tokom 2 godine (2014-2015) za seme, kroz različite mere agrotehnike (varirajuće načine setve i đubrenja azotom) su prikazani potencijali godišnje produkcije biomase. U skladu sa zemljištem i osobinama trava su primenjeni sledeći međuredni razmaci: 20, 40 i 60 cm za italijanski ljulj i 15, 30, 45 i 60 cm za visoki vijuk, setvene norme od 5, 10, 15 i 20 kg/ha za obe vrste i prolećna prihrana sa 0 i 75 kg/ha N visokog vijuka i 0, 50, 100 i 150 kg/ha kod italijanskog ljulja. Italijanski ljulj je tokom 4 godine ispitivanja na području Mačve imao maksimalni prinos od 8,8 t/ha iz dva otkosa, u prvoj godini proizvodnje semena, pri povoljnim meteorološkim uslovima. Visoki vijuk je u prvoj godini proizvodnje semena u uslovima južnog Banata ostvario maksimalno 10,6 t/ha iz dva otkosa, pri najvećem međurednom rastojanju gajenja (60 cm), kao i 15,1 t/ha u drugoj godini na istom međurednom rastojanju. Prinosi biomase trava ostvareni uz skromnu agrotehniku, u sklopu proizvodnje semena trava, ukazuju na značajan potencijal za proizvodnju bioenergije.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 15.11.2016.