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CM: Communication and Media
2017, vol. 12, br. 39, str. 5-38
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 21/03/2018
doi: 10.5937/comman12-13725
Creative Commons License 4.0
Medijsko predstavljanje političkih sukoba
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet političkih nauka

e-adresa: n.vladisavljevic@fpn.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Politički identitet Srbije u regionalnom i globalnom kontekstu (MPNTR - 179076)
Media, Conflict and Democratisation (EU-FP7 - 613370)

Sažetak

Izveštavajući o nekim sukobima, a ne o drugima, i predstavljajući ih na određeni način, mediji bitno utiču na dinamiku i rezultate sukoba tokom demokratizacije i tako oblikuju izglede na uspeh sukobljenih strana. Ovaj rad analizira literaturu o medijima i političkim sukobima, naročito onaj deo o medijskom predstavljanju međudržavnih i građanskih ratova, institucionalizovanih sukoba, protesta i društvenih pokreta u demokratijama Zapada, kao i sukoba u nedemokratskim režimima i tokom demokratizacije. Najveći deo literature bavi se načinima na koji Zapadni mediji predstavljaju strane sukobe - oružane i druge - i domaće izborne kampanje i rasprave o javnim politikama, dok je medijsko izveštavanje o domaćim sukobima u nezapadnom okruženju, kao što su oni koji nastaju tokom i posle nedemokratske vladavine, nedovoljno istraženo. Retko se povlače paralele između medijskog izveštavanja o tim, veoma različitim oblicima sukoba. Ovaj rad upravo insistira na upoređivanju nalaza iz ovih srodnih oblasti jer takvo poređenje sugeriše pouke - u vidu argumenata i hipoteza - za empirijsko istraživanje medijskog predstavljanja konfliktne strane savremene demokratizacije. Najznačajniji nalaz ove studije jeste da je politički kontekst ključni činilac koji utiče na predstavljanje različitih oblika političkih sukoba u medijima. Najvažnije dimenzije političkog konteksta iz ovog ugla su oblik političkog režima, međunarodni (spoljni) ili domaći ugao, konsenzus ili sukob elita, oblast javne politike i konsenzus ili neizvesnost oko njihovog donošenja i/ili sadržaja, oblik i nivo institucionalizacije sukoba i etapa demokratizacije. Pored toga, medijsko predstavljanje sukoba značajno utiče na političke ishode i tako podržava ili podriva nove demokratske ustanove.

Ključne reči

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