Metrika

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2017, br. 116, str. 29-50
Primena metrike predela u ekološkoj i vizuelnoj proceni predela
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Šumarski fakultet
bJP Zavod za urbanizam Vojvodine

e-adresasuzana.d.gavrilovic@gmail.com
Ključne reči: predeona metrika; struktura predela; ekološka procena predela; vizuelna procena predela
Sažetak
Predeono-ekološki istraživački pristup u planiranju prostora pruža egzaktne teorijske i empirijske dokaze za praćenje ekoloških posledica nastalih prirodnim i/ili antropogenim faktorima, odnosno promenama prostornih struktura koje su njima uslovljene. Predeoni obrazac u kome su materijalizovane različite vrednosti predela je nosilac jedinstvenog karaktera predela na različitim prostornim nivoima i predstavlja perceptivni domen njegovih korisnika. Pokazatelji konfiguracije i kompozicije obrasca predela su matematički algoritmi koji kvantifikuju specifične prostorne karakteristike, kojim se interpretiraju predeone funkcije i procesi (fizički i ekološki aspekt), ali i forme (vizuelan aspekt) i značenja (kognitivan aspekt) predela. Metoda metrike predela je našla najveću primenu u analizi ekoloških prostornih procesa i biodiverziteta kao i utvrđivanju nivoa promena strukture, međutim sve veću primenu nalazi i u proceni vizuelnog karaktera predela. Cilj rada je da se na osnovu pregleda relevantne literature prikažu osnovni trendovi primene metrike predela u utvrđivanju ekoloških i vizuelnih procena predela. Metod istraživanja je zasnovan na analizi, sistematizaciji i klasifikaciji publikovanih radova u periodu od 2000. do 2016. godine, u kojima se primenjuje metrika predela u: (1) analizi predeonog obrasca i njegovih promena, (2) analizi biodiverziteta i funkcija staništa i (3) vizuelnoj proceni predela. Izdvajanjem reprezentativnih parametara metrike kompozicije i konfiguracije predela formirana je osnova za dalja istraživanja primene metrike predela u integralnoj analizi i proceni ekoloških i vizuelnih vrednosti predela. Savremenom konceptualizacijom predeo se posmatra holistički, a imperativ budućim istraživanjima treba usmeriti u pravcu razvoja integralne analize, vrednovanja i procene predela kao celine za potrebe planiranja prostornog razvoja.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/GSF1716029G
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 15.12.2017.
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