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Godišnjak grada Beograda
2000-2001, br. 47-48, str. 107-121
jezik rada: srpski
neklasifikovan
Nalazi habanske i posthabanske keramike u Srbiji

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
Pottery products of Habans reached Serbia in rather limited quantity in the 17th and 18th century. For the time being they were discovered on just a few archaeological sites (Belgrade area and Mileševa monastery) and some of Haban and post-Haban vessels were acquired for the Ethnographic Museum from private collections. The earliest specimen of the Haban pottery, from the middle of the 17th century, is discovered in Mileševa monastery (Fig. 1). From the middle of the 17th century onward in Belgrade arrived faience pitchers of different style depending of place and production date. Judging by many finds it seems that in the 18th century the import was rather large. Some of the pitchers have inscribed date (Fig. 2), other are decorated in marbling technique (Fig. 3), with floral compositions (Fig. 4) or with symbols of different trades in floral festoons (Fig. 5,6). As post-Haban products could be classified richly decorated pitchers (Fig. 7) that are more precisely located. Pitchers on figures 8 and 9 were produced in the workshop in Kosolna at the end of the 18th century (Fig. 10) and in the collection of Ethnographic Museum there are specimens from workshops in Dobra Voda and Dihtice (western Slovakia). Plates are other types of Haban pottery that was imported. In addition to the high quality ones made of faience there were also plain plates richly decorated with mineral pigments and then glazed. Pottery plates, deep with wide rim and painted rather freely with wide strokes of the brush are more frequently found than pitchers (Fig. 17-21). There are close analogies with the specimens from Moravian Museum in Brno (Fig. 22) as well as among products of the workshops from Modra and Kosolna dating from the end of 17th century. Slightly later plate belongs to the group of Zwiebelschüsseln that used tulips as central motif (Fig. 23). It was, so far, known that ceramic centers of Habans or Anabaptists supplied with their goods not only town markets and castles of central Europe but also they exported their wares to the much wider areas. Finds from Serbia include now, for the first time, also the Balkans within the area where this nicely decorated pottery was used. Author quotes one historical source, which suggests possibility that Habans also lived in Belgrade. Information dates from 1624 and was recorded by Frenchman Luis Gedoyn 'Le Turc' who visited Belgrade at that time. On the basis of historical events of that period author supposes that some of Habans from Slovakia perhaps came to Belgrade in the time of Catholic Counter-Reformation.

Reference

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