Balkan Journal of Stomatology
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2013, vol. 17, iss. 1, pp. 26-30
Preventive and etiological aspect of oral candidiasis
aFaculty of Dentistry Department for Oral Pathology and Periodontology, Skopje, FYROM
bUniversity Dental Clinic Department for Oral Pathology and Periodontology Skopje, FYROM
Introduction: Oral candidiasis is an indivisible part of everyday oral medicine, although the treatment of candidial infection often remains temporary, with frequent recurrences. Microbiological proof as a diagnostic method does not seem to be appropriate enough for successful treatment outcome. Therefore, the need for enlightening the factors that exaggerate the pathogenicity of Candida albicans becomes necessary. The aim of this study was to follow up patients with diagnosed oral candidiasis as to obtain better knowledge of reasons that favour clinical manifestation of oral candidiasis and its frequent recurrences. Material and Method: At the Clinic for Oral Pathology and Periodontology we examined 50 patients with previously diagnosed oral candidiasis. Subjects were selected randomly, from different geographic areas of the state, and of different age and gender (67% females and 33% males). Results: The results revealed that the most usual cause of oral candidiasis was long-lasting antibiotic treatment, xerostomia, medications for cardiovascular diseases, sedation and hyperglycemia. Other predisposing factors were anemia, age and fissured tongue. Conclusion: Adequate antimycotic therapy and removing of favouring factors resulted in positive treatment outcome and rapid reduce of recurrences.
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article language: English
document type: Original Paper
published in SCIndeks: 24/09/2013

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