Balkan Journal of Stomatology
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2013, vol. 17, iss. 3, pp. 139-143
Importance of proper oral hygiene in patients undergoing treatment with fixed orthodontic appliances
a'Ss Cyril and Methodius' University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Skopje, FYROM
b'Ss Cyril and Methodius' University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Periodontology and Oral Pathology, Skopje, FYROM
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the importance of proper oral hygiene in patients undergoing treatment with fixed orthodontic appliances. Materials and Methods: Clinical examinations encompassed 40 patients with diagnosed malocclusion - and it started before the orthodontic treatment. Subjects were divided in 2 groups (20 subjects in each group). The first group was treated with dental cream GC Tooth Mousse, and the second group with Fluorogal-solution containing low concentration of fluoride - 0.05%F). Control group comprised 20 patients. OHI-index was registered in all subjects (60) before and at the end of orthodontic treatment, using the simplified method of Greene-Vermillion (OHI-S). Results: Improvement of oral hygiene was detected in the group where preventive treatment with Fluorogal was implemented (statistically significant difference between medium values of the OHI-S index before and after the orthodontic treatment), which was not the case with control group. The subjects treated with dental cream (GC Tooth Moussne) at the end of the orthodontic treatment had decreased OHI-S (1.49) in comparison to the beginning of the treatment, where the average monthly value of the index was 1.55 (however, the difference was not statistically significant). Conclusions: The habit to maintain oral hygiene regularly is very important for maintaining gingival health throughout the orthodontic treatment and after it is completed. A high level of oral hygiene should be achieved before, during and after any orthodontic treatment in order to prevent side effects on periodontal tissues.
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article language: English
document type: Original Paper
published in SCIndeks: 20/11/2013