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2016, vol. 20, br. 3, str. 114-121
Optimizacija sušenja belog luka (Allium sativum L.) u vakuumu korišćenjem metode odzivnih površina (response surface methodology, RSM)
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Tehnološki fakultet

e-adresaanita.vakula@hotmail.com
Projekat:
Project of the Provincial Secretariat for Agriculture, Water Management and Forestry, Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Republic of Serbia, for financial support (104-401-3155/2014-01)

Ključne reči: beli luk (Allium sativum L.); vakuum sušenje; fizičke i hemijske karakteristike; optimizacija; RSM
Sažetak
Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je optimizacija procesa vakuum sušenja belog luka u pogledu što boljeg očuvanja njegovih osnovnih fizičkih i hemijskih karakteristika. Svež beli luk (Allium sativum L.) osušen je u vakuum sušari pri različitim uslovima, liofilizacijom i konvencionalnim sušenjem u cilju poređenja kvaliteta uzoraka osušenih različitm tehnikama sušenja. Za optimizaciju procesa vakuum sušenja, u pogledu fizičkih karakteristika (sadržaj vlage, aktivnost vode, ukupna promena boje, tekstura), korišćeni su Box-Behnken dizajn (BBD) i metoda odzivne površine (Response Surface Methodology, RSM). Kao nezavisne promenjive korišćeni su sledeći parametri: temperatura grejne ploče(48 - 78 °C), pritisak vazduha (30 - 330 mbar) i vreme sušenja (3 - 11 h). Rezultati su fitovani polinomnim modelom drugog reda i multipla regresija i analiza varijanse su korišćeni za određivanje adekvatnosti modela i optimalnih uslova za ispitivane odzive. Konturni dijagrami su generisani na osnovu matematičkih modela. Kao optimalni uslovi za vakuum sušenje belog luka dobijeni su: temperatura grejne ploče 78 °C, pritisak vazduha 30 mbar i vreme sušenja 11 h. Hemijske karakteristike (sadržaj ukupnih fenola i antioksidativni kapacitet) su dodatno ispitivani kao značajni parametri kvaliteta osušenog belog luka. Kvalitet belog luka osušenog vakuum sušenjem, u pogledu fizičkih karakteristika, bio je sličan uzorcima osušenim liofilizacijom i značajno bolji u odnosu na uzorke osušene konvencionalnim sušenjem.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 05.01.2017.