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Teme
2016, vol. 40, iss. 2, pp. 493-507
article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper

Psychophysic correlates of burnout in managers of small-sized enterprises
Univerzitet u Nišu, Filozofski fakultet, Studijska grupa za psihologiju

e-mail: damjana1988@yahoo.com

Project

Indicators and models of family and work roles harmonization (MESTD - 179002)

Abstract

The manager's profession is increasingly being ranked as a high-stress one, but apart from the factors arising from the very nature of the work itself, the sources of stress and its accompanying negative effects should also be sought in persons' individual features. Hence, the aim of this study was to establish whether there were significant differences in the presence of Type A behavior pattern (TABP), perfectionism, burnout and proneness to psychosomatic manifestations between managers and participants who were not engaged in management activities, as well as to examine the relationship between the above mentioned variables in both groups. The sample consisted of 150 participants divided into two equal groups: top managers of small private enterprises in the Southeastern Serbia and the comparison group of participants who were not engaged in managerial activities. The following instruments were applied: Adaptation of Jenkins Activity Scale for Type A, Positive and Negative Perfectionism Scale, The Burnout Check list, HI test from KON 6 battery. The results have pointed out that managers had higher scores at TABP and Positive perfectionism, while there were no significant differences in regard to Negative perfectionism, burnout and proneness to psychosomatic manifestations. The findings indicated that positive characteristics of Type A and perfectionism, but also managerial position itself, could be protective in order to prevent burnout and outweigh negative health outcomes such as psychosomatic manifestations, which are generally related to the mentioned features. The obtained results are discussed in regard to the theoretical accounts and compared with previous research findings.

Keywords

type A behavior pattern; perfectionism; burnout; proneness to psychosomatic manifestations; managers