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2016, vol. 40, iss. 2, pp. 563-582
article language: Serbian
document type: Review Paper
published on: 25/01/2017
The basics of Plato's natural phylosophy and the ancient educational system
University of Belgrade



Theory and practice of science in society: multidisciplinary, educational and intergenerational perspectives (MESTD - 179048)


The objective of this paper is to present a different approach to the analysis of the natural-philosophical contents and the statements that Plato used to argument the geometrical characteristics of the cosmological number, better known as Plato's Geometrical Number. The paper discusses a part of the multidisciplinary research results showing that the statements about the cosmological number should be observed as the description of the constructible geometrical matrix elements that Plato used to unify the principles of the celestial mechanics' principles and the basics of matter structuring in a unique way. The crucial role in conceiving not only the cosmological constant, but also the basics of the ancient educational doctrine, belonged to the establishing of geometrical-structural connections between the continuous proportion, the Pythagorean musical scale intervals and the special phenomena of light propagation (primary and secondary rainbow angles).


Plato's cosmological number; continuous proportion; Pythagorean musical scale; the philosophy of nature; rainbow angle