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2016, vol. 40, iss. 2, pp. 597-612
article language: English
document type: Review Paper
published on: 25/01/2017
The central bureau of opium in Constantinople: The segment of Yugoslav-Turkish economic relations between the two world wars
University of Priština - Kosovska Mitrovica, Faculty of Philosophy, Department of History



Establishing diplomatic relations between the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and the Republic of Turkey in 1925 defined the ways of the cooperation of these two countries concerning politics, army, economy, culture and education, as well as many other areas. Signing numerous bilateral agreements that regulate the unsolved mutual questions during the second half of the 20s and at the beginning of the 30s of the last century improved mutual relations that were intensified, particularly after signing the Balkan Pact in 1934. The important segment is the cooperation regarding the economy which was significantly improved with the temporary changes in the years of the world economic crisis. Common participation in the world market of opium, which was seen through the acting of the 'Turkish-Yugoslav Central Bureau of Opium' in Constantinople, was a particularly important fact. This paper, the heuristic base of which consists of archival sources, published sources, the press from that period and relevant bibliography - presents the basic characteristics of running the business of the Yugoslav-Turkish 'bureau'.