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Ekonomski horizonti
2017, vol. 19, br. 1, str. 31-43
jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/ekonhor1701031M


Ekonomski razvoj Republike Srbije determinisan sektorskom strukturom privrede
Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Ekonomski fakultet

Sažetak

Iskustvo i dobra praksa pokazuju da je u cilju ostvarenja ekonomskog rasta i razvoja potrebno sprovoditi promene privredne strukture. One utiču na relativno učešće, mesto i ulogu pojedinih aktivnosti u privredi, i pokretač su održivog ekonomskog razvoja. Efikasne strukturne promene povezane su sa sposobnošću privrede da stvara propulzivnije ekonomske delatnosti. Predmet istraživanja ovog rada jeste utvrđivanje stepena determinisanosti ekonomskog razvoj Republike Srbije sektorskom strukturom privrede. Cilj istraživanja jeste da ukaže na adekvatnost veličine i doprinosa sektora stvaranju bruto dodate vrednosti i ukupnoj zaposlenosti, odnosno, uticaju veličine, intenziteta i pravaca promena između sektora na ekonomski razvoj. Rezultati istraživanja ukazuju da su dostignuti nivo razvoja i niske stope rasta privrede Republike Srbije posledica nedovoljno obuhvatnih i intenzivnih promena, promena koje kasne i nisu stabilne. Budući razvoj privrede direktno će zavisiti od brzine promena i stvaranja modern sektorske privredne strukture, posebno razvoja propulzivne proizvodne structure ili 'industrija 4.0'.

Ključne reči

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