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Fizička kultura
2017, vol. 71, iss. 1, pp. 5-11
article language: Serbian, English
Review Paper
doi:10.5937/fizkul1701005R

Creative Commons License 4.0
The role of eccentric regime of leg muscle work in alpine skiing
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Sports and Physical Education

e-mail: robert.ropret@fsfv.ac.bg.rs

Abstract

Alpine skiing is characterized by a great number of leg movements with muscle contractions in eccentric regime. The role of these movements is to absorb gravitation and inertial forces, manage skis more precisely and maintain balance. Recent studies have determined the volume, duration and intenisty of eccentric contractions as well as the basic characteristics of movement amplitudes and velocities. Based on the previous findings the experiments involving eccentric training using a bicycle ergometer confirmed a positive impact that this kind of training has on increasing maximum power, strength, endurance, coordination, injury prevention, metabolic work efficiency, more efficient work with longer muscle length and its role in miming skiers' movements. This paper is an review of the studies so far in the field of kinematics, skiing dynamics and the effect of eccentric training on the development of athletes' performances.

Keywords

training; power; eccentric contraction; exercise

References

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