Metrika članka

  • citati u SCindeksu: 0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[=>]
  • posete u prethodnih 30 dana:23
  • preuzimanja u prethodnih 30 dana:7
članak: 2 od 7  
Back povratak na rezultate
Fizička kultura
2017, vol. 71, br. 1, str. 12-20
jezik rada: srpski, engleski
izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/fizkul1701012A

Creative Commons License 4.0
Povezanost antropometrijskih, fizioloških i fizičkih karakteristika i uspešnosti vrhunskih alpinista
Univerzitet Guilan, Departman fiziologije vežbanja, Iran

e-adresa: hamidarazi@yahoo.com

Sažetak

Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se ispitaju antropometrijske, fiziološke i fizičke karakteristike vrhunskih alpinista, kao i veza između ovih karakteristika i uspeha u alpinizmu. Trideset osam vrhunskih iranskih alpinista (visina 178.68 ± 5.77 cm, indeks telesne mase 23.4 ± 2.78 kg/m2 i starosti 31.26 ± 6.93 godina) je ocenjivano u pogledu određenih antropometrijskih, fizioloških i fizičkih varijabli. Tako su merene visina, težina, kao i dužina i obim ekstremiteta. Procenat telesne masti je određen putem merenja debljine kožnog nabora na 3 mesta. Aerobna snaga je procenjivana pomoću testa trčanja u trajanju od 12 minuta, anaerobna snaga je utvrđivana pomoću anaerobnog step testa, performanse skoka uvis i skoka u dalj su ocenjivane pomoću testa sunožnog skoka uvis (Sardžent test) i testa skoka udalj iz mesta, sprint test na 40 jardi (36.6 metara) korišćen je da se oceni brzina, a izdržljivost mišića trupa i gornjeg dela tela je ocenjivana pomoću testova sa trbušnjacima i sklekovima. Zbir rezultata povezanih sa sportskim postignućima smatran je kriterijumom za ocenjivanje uspeha kod alpinista. Antropometrijske karakteristike (jedino godine starosti i procenat telesne masti) pokazale su slabu pozitivnu povezanost (p<0.05) sa uspešnošću. Dok su relativno jake veze nađene između fizioloških i fizičkih karakteristika, uključujući aerobnu snagu (p<0.01), anaerobnu snagu (p<0.01), skok uvis (p<0.05), snagu donjeg dela tela (p<0.01) i izdržljivost mišića trupa (p<0.05) i gornjeg dela tela (p<0.01) i uspeha alpinista. Rezultati ukazuju na značaj fizioloških i fizičkih karakteristika u poređenju sa antropometrijskim osobinama alpinista, kao i na to da uspešno penjanje u velikoj meri zavisi od gore navedenih karakteristika.

Ključne reči

Reference

Novododat članak: provera, normiranje i linkovanje referenci u toku.
Bales, B., Hackney, A.C., Coyne, J., Shaw, E., McAninch, G., Kramer, A., & Brownsberger, R. (1993). Mountaineering sojourn: effects on body composition of prolonged exposure to high altitude in a cold environment. Journal of Wilderness Medicine, 4(1), 32-39.
Barbieri, D., Zaccagni, L., Cogo, A., & Gualdi-Russo, E. (2012). Body composition and somatotype of experienced mountain climbers. High altitude medicine & biology, 13(1), 46-50.
Beam, W., & Adams, G. (2013). Exercise physiology laboratory manual: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
Bernardi, L., Schneider, A., Pomidori, L., Paolucci, E., & Cogo, A. (2006). Hypoxic ventilatory response in successful extreme altitude climbers. European Respiratory Journal, 27(1), 165-171.
Brzycki, M. (1993). Strength testing-predicting a one-rep max from reps-to-fatigue. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 64(1), 88-90.
Burtscher, M. (2004). Exercise Capacity for Mountaineering: How Much Is Necessary? Research in Sports Medicine, 12(4), 241-250.
Burtscher, M., Faulhaber, M., Flatz, M., Likar, R., & Nachbauer, W. (2006). Effects of short-term acclimatization to altitude (3200 m) on aerobic and anaerobic exercise performance. International journal of sports medicine, 27(08), 629-635.
Cerretelli, P. (1992). Muscle energetics and ultrastructure in chronic hypoxia. Respiration, 59(Suppl. 2), 24-29.
Cheung, W.W., Tong, K.K., Morrison, A.B., Leung, R.W., Kwok, Y.-L., & Wu, S. (2011). Anthropometrical and physiological profile of Chinese elite sport climbers. Medicina Sportiva, 15(1), 23.
Claessens, A., Lefevre, J., Beunen, G., & Malina, R. (1999). The contribution of anthropometric characteristics to performance scores in elite female gymnasts. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 39(4), 355.
Daniels, J. (1979). Altitude and athletic training and performance. The American journal of sports medicine, 7(6), 371-373.
Ge, R., Wood, H., Yang, H., Liu, Y., Wang, X., & Babb, T. (2010). The body weight loss during acute exposure to high-altitude hypoxia in sea level residents. Sheng li xue bao:[Acta physiologica Sinica], 62(6), 541-546.
Grant, S., Hasler, T., Davies, C., Aitchison, T., Wilson, J., & Whittaker, A. (2001). A comparison of the anthropometric, strength, endurance and flexibility characteristics of female elite and recreational climbers and non-climbers. Journal of sports sciences, 19(7), 499-505.
Gualdi-Russo, E., & Zaccagni, L. (2001). Somatotype, role and performance in elite volleyball players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 41(2), 256.
Hamad, N., & Travis, S.P. (2006). Weight loss at high altitude: pathophysiology and practical implications. European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology, 18(1), 5-10.
Hannon, J.P., Shields, J., & Harris, C.W. (1969). Anthropometric changes associated with high altitude acclimatization in females. American journal of physical anthropology, 31(1), 77-83.
Hortobágyi, T., Zheng, D., Weidner, M., Lambert, N.J., Westbrook, S., & Houmard, J.A. (1995). The influence of aging on muscle strength and muscle fiber characteristics with special reference to eccentric strength. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 50(6), B399-B406.
Impellizzeri, F.M., & Marcora, S.M. (2007). The physiology of mountain biking. Sports Medicine, 37(1), 59-71.
Jackson, A.S., & Pollock, M.L. (1978). Generalized equations for predicting body density of men. British journal of nutrition, 40(03), 497-504.
Jullien, H., Bisch, C., Largouët, N., Manouvrier, C., Carling, C. J., & Amiard, V. (2008). Does a short period of lower limb strength training improve performance in field-based tests of running and agility in young professional soccer players? The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 22(2), 404-411.
Kayser, B., Acheson, K., Decombaz, J., Fern, E., & Cerretelli, P. (1992). Protein absorption and energy digestibility at high altitude. Journal of Applied Physiology, 73(6), 2425-2431.
Kemmler, W., Roloff, I., Baumann, H., Schöffl, V., Weineck, J., Kalender, W., & Engelke, K. (2006). Effect of exercise, body composition, and nutritional intake on bone parameters in male elite rock climbers. International journal of sports medicine, 27(08), 653-659.
Kinoshita, N., Yamazaki, H., Onishi, S., Oguma, Y., Katsukawa, F., & Horii, M. (2000). Physiological profile of middle-aged and older climbers who ascended Gasherbrum II, an 8035-m Himalayan peak. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 55(11), M630-M633.
Major, G.C., & Doucet, E. (2004). Energy intake during a typical Himalayan trek. High altitude medicine & biology, 5(3), 349-363.
Mejuto Hidalgo, G., Calleja González, J., Lekue Gallano, J.A., Leibar Mendarte, X., Gárate Ara, R. M., Emparanza Knörr, J.I., Terrados Cepeda, N. (2012). Physiological and kinanthropometrical parameters of an elite climber. Single case study. Archives of Budo.
Mermier, C.M., Janot, J.M., Parker, D.L., & Swan, J.G. (2000). Physiological and anthropometric determinants of sport climbing performance. British journal of sports medicine, 34(5), 359-365.
Nourshahi, M., Abdoli, B., Rajaeian, A.R., Rahmani, H., Zahedi, H., Arefirad, T., & Kaviyani, M. (2011). Effects of Mountaineering on Physical Fitness and Quality of Life in Aged People. World Journal of Sport Sciences, 5(3), 149-157.
Oelz, O., Howald, H., Di Prampero, P., Hoppeler, H., Claassen, H., Jenni, R., Veicsteinas, A. (1986). Physiological profile of world-class high-altitude climbers. Journal of Applied Physiology, 60(5), 1734-1742.
Peng, Q.-q., Basang, Z., Cui, C.-y., Li, L., Qian, J., Gesang, Q., .Dawa, P. (2013). Physiological responses and evaluation of effects of BMI, smoking and drinking in high altitude acclimatization: a cohort study in Chinese Han young males. PloS one, 8(11), e79346.
Pugh, L. (1972). Maximum oxygen intake in Himalayan mountaineers. Ergonomics, 15(2), 133-137.
Robach, P., Déchaux, M., Jarrot, S., Vaysse, J., Schneider, J.C., Mason, N. P., .Richalet, J.-P. (2000). Operation Everest III: role of plasma volume expansion onV˙ o2 max during prolonged high-altitude exposure. Journal of Applied Physiology, 89(1), 29-37.
Ryepko, O. (2013). Morphological characteristics of elite athletes, specializing in speed climbing, climbing and alpinism. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports 12, 67-71.
Sheel, A. (2004). Physiology of sport rock climbing. British journal of sports medicine, 38(3), 355-359.
Shephard, R.J., & Astrand, P.O. (1992). Endurance in Sport. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 24(12), 1413.
Sloan, A., & Masali, M. (1978). Anthropometry of Sherpa men. Annals of human biology, 5(5), 453-458.
Tschöp, M., & Morrison, K. M. (2001). Weight loss at high altitude Hypoxia (pp. 237-247): Springer.
Wagner, D.R. (2010). Body composition and hematological changes following ascents of Mt. Aconcagua and Mt. Everest. Aviation, space, and environmental medicine, 81(11), 1045-1048.
Zaccagni, L., Barbieri, D., Cogo, A., & Gualdi-Russo, E. (2014). Anthropometric and Body Composition Changes during Expeditions at High Altitude. High altitude medicine & biology, 15(2), 176--182.