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Fizička kultura
2017, vol. 71, br. 1, str. 21-35
jezik rada: srpski, engleski
izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/fizkul1701021I

Creative Commons License 4.0
Relacije između antropometrijskih i motoričkih varijabli kod sedmogodišnjih devojčica sa diferenciranim nivoom nutritivnog statusa
aVisoka škola strukovnih studija za vaspitače i poslovne informatičare - Sirmijum, Sremska Mitrovica
bAlfa univerzitet, Beograd, Fakultet za menadžment u sportu

e-adresa: miroljub.mitrovic@gmail.com

Sažetak

Cilj istraživanja bio je da se ispita frekvencija nutritivnog statusa i relacije antropometrijskih karakteristika i motoričkih sposobnosti kod učenica I razreda osnovnih škola iz Valjeva. Na prigodnom uzorku (N = 332) sedmogodišnjih devojčica primenjena je baterija od 16 antropometrijskih mera i devet motoričkih testova. Podaci su obrađeni standardnim merama centralne tendencije, merama varijabiliteta i kanoničkom korelacionom analizom. Na osnovu izračunatog indeksa telesne mase, 75% ispitanica je sa normalnom telesnom masom, 21% ima prekomernu telesnu masu, a 4% je gojazno. Rezultati su pokazali da u skupu ispitanica sa normalnom telesnom masom nema statistički značajne povezanosti između dva sistema varijabli (morfoloških karakteristika i motoričkih sposobnosti). Nalazi u skupu prekomerno uhranjenih ispitanica pokazuju da su u morfo-motoričkom prostoru ekstrahovane dve statistički značajne korelacije, interpretirane kao kanoničke funkcije: (1) cirkularna dimenzionalnost skeleta i masa tela, i eksplozivna snaga i (2) potkožno masno tkivo i segmentarna brzina i brzina trčanja. Kanonički faktori upućuju na to da što su ispitance imale veći obim grudnog koša, obim butine, obim potkolenice i telesnu masu, to su postizale i slabije rezultate u kompozitnim motoričkim testovima (pliometrijskom skoku, pretklonu-zaklonu-izbačaju i skoku udalj iz mesta). Odnosno, devojčice koje su imale veće vrednosti kožnog nabora leđa, kožnog nabora trbuha, kožnog nabora butine i kožnog nabora potkolenice, realizovale su lošije rezultate u motoričkim zadacima (taping rukom, taping nogom i trčanje 5 x 10 m). Empirijski nalazi istraživanja o izolovanoj kanoničkoj strukturi relevantni su sa teorijskog aspekta, ali imaju i značajne implikacije za identifikovanje povećanog stepena uhranjenosti i unapređenje fizičkog vaspitanja u razrednoj nastavi.

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