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Fizička kultura
2017, vol. 71, br. 1, str. 55-62
jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/fizkul1701055N

Creative Commons License 4.0
Nespirografske ili neinvazivne metode za procenu anaerobnog praga
aAutonomni univerzitet Čihuahua, Fakultet nauka o fizičkoj kulturi, Meksiko
bDržavni univerzitet Nju Meksiko, SAD
cUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja

e-adresa: Jnajera@uach.mx

Sažetak

U svetu sportskih istraživanja postoje različiti načini da se odredi fizička kondicija, počev od skupih laboratorijskih invazivnih metoda do jeftinih, neinvazivnih metoda na terenu. Neinvazivno ispitivanje na terenu daje dobru pouzdanost i nije skupo, a između ostalih, koriste se fiziološki parametari kao što su: srčana frekvencija, elektroliti pljuvačke ili laktat, doživljeni napor i elektromiografija. Ovi parametri se mogu koristiti za procenu anaerobnog praga (AnT) kako bi se predvideo sportski učinak, preusmerio trening, a može i da pomogne trenerima i sportistima da budu konkurentniji. Međutim, svaki od ovih parametara ima neke osobenosti i kontroverze usled različitih rezultata koje stručnjaci prijavljuju. Ove razlike se mogu, između ostalog, objasniti protokolom testiranja koji se koristi, uzorkom sportskog nivoa, početnim intenzitetom ili brojem nivoa. Uprkos tome, oni i dalje imaju dobru ponovljivost i primenu u protokolima testiranja na terenu. Navedena ispitivanja se mogu primeniti u velikom obimu, i češće, sa pažnjom usmerenom na stepen korelacije sa prvobitnim invazivnim testovima, kao i na procenat mogućih grešaka u procesu procenjivanja. Jeftinija i jednostavnija ispitivanja (umesto subjektivne procene trenažnog opterećenja) omogućavaju trenerima i sportistima sa manje novca preciznije planiranje i menjanje obima i intenziteta treninga. Osećaj udobnosti koji sportisti imaju, kao i eventualne visoke frekvencije ispitivanja tokom neinvazivnog testa, moraju se istaći kao prednost tokom procesa evaluacije treninga.

Ključne reči

srčana frekvencija; pljuvačka; doživljeni napor; elektromiografija; laktati u krvi; ergometrija

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