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2017, vol. 145, br. 7-8, str. 346-351
Uzroci i neposredni ishod kod prevremeno rođene novorođenčadi
aMedicinski univerzitet u Bindžouu, Univerzitetska bolnica u Jentaju, Odeljenje za akušerstvo i ginekologiju, Jentaj, Provincija Šendung, Kina
bUniverzitet u Ćingdau, Univerzitetska bolnica u Juhuengdingu, Odeljenje za akušerstvo i ginekologiju, Jentaj, Provincija Šendung, Kina
Sažetak
Uvod/Cilj: Prevremeni porođaj (PP) glavni je uzrok smrtnosti novorođenčadi, a drugi neposredni uzrok smrti do pete godine života deteta. Cilj ovog rada je bio da analizira klinički tok i ishod kod prevremeno rođene dece. Metode: Retrospektivno su analizirani podaci za 307 pre- vremeno rođene dece u bolnici Univerziteta u Ćingdau, u periodu od 1. januara 2012. do 31. decembra 2012. Rezultati: Učestalost prevremenog rađanja dece je 6,52%. Prevremeno pucanje vodenjaka je bio razlog u 46,58% PP-a, spontani PP kod 66 (21,5%), a terpijski PP kod 98 (31,92%) bolesnika. Prirodni porođaj je češći (60,72%) kod trudnoća sa < 32 nedelje, a češći carskim rezom (60,99%) kod trudnoća sa ≥ 32 nedelje (p < 0,05). Porođajna težina je bila 2.340,46 ± 606,26 g, a Z-skor na rođenju -0,15 ± 1,08. Z-skor je bio manji u grupi 28–31+6 nedelja nego u grupi 32–33+6 i grupi ≥ 34 nedelje (r < 0,05). Prosečna hospitalizacija iznosila je 15,17 ± 12,35 dana, a najčešća komplikacija je bila respiratorni distres sindrom (13,92%). Zaključak: Prevremeni porođaj dovodi do ozbiljnih komplikacija kod novorođenčeta. Glavni razlozi, kao prerano pucanje vodenjaka, moraju se sprečiti i lečiti, a sámo novorođenče mora se intenzivno lečiti.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.2298/SARH160818108X
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 27.12.2017.