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Specijalna edukacija i rehabilitacija
2018, vol. 17, br. 1, str. 9-31
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/specedreh17-15257

Creative Commons License 4.0
Razumevanje govora kod dece od šest do devet godina
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju

e-adresa: gligorovic@fasper.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Kreiranje Protokola za procenu edukativnih potencijala dece sa smetnjama u razvoju kao kriterijuma za izradu individualnih obrazovnih programa (MPNTR - 179025)

Sažetak

Istraživanje je sprovedeno s ciljem da se utvrdi dinamika razvoja sposobnosti razumevanja govora kod dece tipičnog razvoja od šest do devet godina. Uzorak je činilo sto jedanaestoro dece tipičnog razvoja, oba pola (49,5% devojčica i 50,5% dečaka), uzrasta 6-9,11 godina (starost u mesecima: AS=95,09; SD=16,82). Ispitanici su prema uzrastu podeljeni u četiri grupe. Za procenu sposobnosti razumevanja govora primenjen je Protokol za procenu receptivnog govora, koji sadrži zadatke za procenu auditivne diskriminacije, rimovanja, razumevanja reči i razumevanja kontinuiranog govora. Primenom analize varijanse utvrđeno je da je uzrast značajan činilac postignuća na zadacima rimovanja (p≤0,000) i razumevanja kontinuiranog govora (p≤0,000), dok u domenima auditivne diskriminacije (p=0,372) i razumevanja reči (p=0,634) odnos nije značajan, iako se uočavaju izvesne razlike aritmetičkih sredina u korist dece starijeg uzrasta. Uzrastom se može objasniti oko 67% varijabilnosti rezultata na zadacima za procenu rimovanja i 56% varijabilnosti postignuća u domenu razumevanja kontinuiranog govora. Nije utvrđeno značajno odstupanje koje bi ukazalo na postojanje specifičnih jezičkih poremećaja ili intelektualne ometenosti kod ispitanika iz uzorka.

Ključne reči

razumevanje govora; auditivna diskriminacija; rimovanje; tipičan razvoj

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