Metrika članka

  • citati u SCindeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[=>]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:8
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:7
članak: 2 od 8  
Back povratak na rezultate
Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo
2018, vol. 55, br. 1, str. 6-11
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/ratpov55-15413

Creative Commons License 4.0
Brojnost i aktivnost mikroorganizama u černozemu pri različitim sistemima gajenja
aNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresa: jelena.marinkovic@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs

Sažetak

Cilj ovih istraživanja bio je utvrđivanje mikrobiološke brojnosti i dehidrogenazne aktivnosti u černozemu u zavisnosti od sistema gajenja. Uzorci zemljišta su prikupljeni na višegodišnjim ogledima Plodoredi i IOSDV, na eksperimentalnom polju Rimski šančevi Instituta za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo. Zemljište je uzorkovano tokom dve godine iz deset sistema gajenja i tri dubine. Brojnost mikroorganizama utvrđena je indirektnom metodom razređenja, dok je aktivnost dehidrogenaze određena spektrofotometrijski. Brojnost ispitivanih grupa mikroorganizama i dehidrogenazna aktivnost značajno su varirali u zavisnosti od sistema gajenja i godine ispitivanja, dok je dubina uzorkovanja značajno uticala na aktivnost enzima. Najveća brojnost mikroorganizma utvrđena je u nepoljoprivrednom zemljištu i zemljištu pod neđubrenim dvopoljem i tropoljem, dok je najviša dehidrogenazna aktivnost zabeležena u nepoljoprivrednom zemljištu i zemljištu pod monokulturom pšenice.

Ključne reči

Reference

Bastida, F., Zsolnay, A., Hernández, T., García, C. (2008) Past, present and future of soil quality indices: A biological perspective. Geoderma, 147(3-4): 159-171
Bi, L., Xia, J., Liu, K., Li, D., Yu, X. (2014) Effects of long-term chemical fertilization on trends of rice yield and nutrient use efficiency under double rice cultivation in subtropical China. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60(No. 12): 537-543
Briones, A.M., Reichardt, W. (1999) Estimating microbial population counts by ‘most probable number' using Microsoft Excel®. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 35(2): 157-161
Brussaard, L., de Ruiter, P.C., Brown, G.G. (2007) Soil biodiversity for agricultural sustainability. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 121(3): 233-244
Cardoso, E.J.B.N., Vasconcellos, R.L.F., Bini, D., Miyauchi, M.Y.H., Santos, C.A.dos, Alves, P.R.L., Paula, A.M.de, Nakatani, A.S., Pereira, J. (2013) Soil health: looking for suitable indicators. What should be considered to assess the effects of use and management on soil health?. Scientia Agricola, 70(4): 274-289
Carney, K.M., Matson, P.A. (2006) The Influence of Tropical Plant Diversity and Composition on Soil Microbial Communities. Microbial Ecology, 52(2): 226-238
Casida, L. E., Klein, D. A., Santoro, T. (1964) Soil dehydrogenase activity. Soil Science, 98(6): 371-376
Coleman, D. C. (2011) Understanding soil processes: one of the last frontiers in biological and ecological research. Australasian Plant Pathology, 40(3): 207-214
Crecchio, C., Gelsomino, A., Ambrosoli, R., Minati, J.L., Ruggiero, P. (2004) Functional and molecular responses of soil microbial communities under differing soil management practices. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 36(11): 1873-1883
Enwall, K., Nyberg, K., Bertilsson, S., Cederlund, H., Stenström, J., Hallin, S. (2007) Long-term impact of fertilization on activity and composition of bacterial communities and metabolic guilds in agricultural soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 39(1): 106-115
Falkowski, P. G., Fenchel, T., Delong, E. F. (2008) The Microbial Engines That Drive Earth's Biogeochemical Cycles. Science, 320(5879): 1034-1039
García-Orenes, F., Morugán-Coronado, A., Zornoza, R., Scow, K. (2013) Changes in Soil Microbial Community Structure Influenced by Agricultural Management Practices in a Mediterranean Agro-Ecosystem. PLoS One, 8(11): e80522
Girvan, M. S., Bullimore, J., Ball, A. S., Pretty, J. N., Osborn, A. M. (2004) Responses of Active Bacterial and Fungal Communities in Soils under Winter Wheat to Different Fertilizer and Pesticide Regimens. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 70(5): 2692-2701
Gougoulias, C., Clark, J.M., Shaw, L.J. (2014) The role of soil microbes in the global carbon cycle: tracking the below-ground microbial processing of plant-derived carbon for manipulating carbon dynamics in agricultural systems. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 94(12): 2362-2371
Hartmann, M., Frey, B., Mayer, J., Mäder, P., Widmer, F. (2015) Distinct soil microbial diversity under long-term organic and conventional farming. ISME Journal, 9(5): 1177-1194
Huang, M., Jiang, L., Zou, Y., Xu, S., Deng, G. (2013) Changes in soil microbial properties with no-tillage in Chinese cropping systems. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 49(4): 373-377
Kennedy, A.C., Smith, K.L. (1995) Soil microbial diversity and the sustainability of agricultural soils. Plant Soil, 170: 75-86
Kong, A.Y.Y., Scow, K.M., Córdova-Kreylos, A.L., Holmes, W.E., Six, J. (2011) Microbial community composition and carbon cycling within soil microenvironments of conventional, low-input, and organic cropping systems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43(1): 20-30
Kumar, K., Goh, K.M. (1999) Crop Residues and Management Practices: Effects on Soil Quality, Soil Nitrogen Dynamics, Crop Yield, and Nitrogen Recovery. Advances in Agronomy, str. 197-319
Liang, C., Balser, T.C. (2011) Microbial production of recalcitrant organic matter in global soils: implications for productivity and climate policy. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 9(1): 75-75
Marinković, J., Bjelić, D., Vasin, J., Tintor, B., Ninkov, J. (2012) The distribution of microorganisms in different types of agricultural soils in the Vojvodina province. Research Journal of Agricultural Science, 44, 73-78
McGuire, K.L., Treseder, K.K. (2010) Microbial communities and their relevance for ecosystem models: Decomposition as a case study. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 42(4): 529-535
Roger-Estrade, J., Anger, C., Bertrand, M., Richard, G. (2010) Tillage and soil ecology: Partners for sustainable agriculture. Soil and Tillage Research, 111(1): 33-40
Schloss, P.D., Handelsman, J. (2006) Toward a Census of Bacteria in Soil. PLoS Computational Biology, 2(7): e92
Schmidt, M.W. I., Torn, M.S., Abiven, S., Dittmar, T., Guggenberger, G., Janssens, I.A., Kleber, M., Kögel-Knabner, I., Lehmann, J., Manning, D.A. C., Nannipieri, P., Rasse, D.P., Weiner, S., Trum (2011) Persistence of soil organic matter as an ecosystem property. Nature, 478(7367): 49-56
Singh, J.S., Pandey, V.C., Singh, D.P. (2011) Efficient soil microorganisms: A new dimension for sustainable agriculture and environmental development. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 140(3-4): 339-353
Stamenov, D., Đurić, S., Hajnal, J.T., Šeremešić, S. (2016) Fertilization and crop rotation effects on the number of different groups of microorganisms. Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, vol. 53, br. 3, str. 96-100
van der Heijden, M.G. A., Bardgett, R.D., van Straalen, N.M. (2008) The unseen majority: soil microbes as drivers of plant diversity and productivity in terrestrial ecosystems. Ecology Letters, 11(3): 296-310
Wang, Y., Wang, E., Wang, D., Huang, S., Ma, Y., Smith, C.J., Wang, L. (2010) Crop productivity and nutrient use efficiency as affected by long-term fertilisation in North China Plain. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 86(1): 105-119
Wardle, D. A. (2004) Ecological Linkages Between Aboveground and Belowground Biota. Science, 304(5677): 1629-1633
Yang, L., Zhang, Y., Li, F. (2012) Soil Enzyme Activities and Soil Fertility Dynamics. u: Srivastava, Anoop Kumar [ur.] Advances in Citrus Nutrition, Dordrecht: Springer Nature America, Inc, str. 143-156
Yu, Y., Xue, L., Yang, L. (2014) Winter legumes in rice crop rotations reduces nitrogen loss, and improves rice yield and soil nitrogen supply. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 34(3): 633-640