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Fizička kultura
2018, vol. 72, br. 1, str. 29-36
jezik rada: engleski, srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/fizkul1801029M

Creative Commons License 4.0
Socijalna podrška i fizička aktivnost učenika osnovne škole
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Fakultet fizičke kulture

e-adresa: zivanmilosevic991@gmail.com

Sažetak

Cilj ovog rada je da ispita da li postoje razlike u nivou fizičke aktivnosti učenika i učenica u zavisnosti od njihove percepcije različitih domena socijalne podrške. U istraživanju je učestvovalo ukupno 165 učenika petog razreda osnovne škole, od toga 88 učenica i 77 učenika. Primenjena je Skala socijalne podrške za decu (Social Support Scale for Children, SSSC; Harter, 1985) koja sadrži četiri subskale, a to su socijalna podrška roditelja, socijalna podrška drugova iz razreda, socijalna podrška nastavnika i socijalna podrška bliskih prijatelja. Podaci o fizičkoj aktivnosti učenika dobijeni su primenom Međunarodnog upitnika o fizičkoj aktivnosti (International Physical Activity Questionnaire, IPAQ; Craig et al., 2003), zasnovanom na samoproceni fizičke aktivnosti. Rezultati multiple regresione analize ukazuju da sistem prediktorskih varijabli specifičnih domena opažene socijalne podrške ima statistički značajan uticaj na intenzivnu fizičku aktivnost učenika muškog pola. Socijalna podrška bliskih prijatelja pokazala se kao faktor koji najviše utiče na njihovu intenzivnu i ukupnu fizičku aktivnost. Kod učenica nije uočen statistički značajan uticaj sistema prediktorskih varijabli ni na jedan od tipova fizičke aktivnosti. Posmatrajući uticaj pojedinih varijabli socijalne podrške, socijalna podrška roditelja ima najveći uticaj na umerenu fizičku aktivnost učenica. Ovaj rad predstavlja prilog identifikaciji faktora koji utiču na učešće dece u fizičkoj aktivnosti, a u cilju razvijanja delotvornih strategija i intervencija koje će omogućiti motivisanost i uživanje u fizičkoj aktivnosti.

Ključne reči

socijalni uticaj; socijalna percepcija; tipovi fizičke aktivnosti

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