Article metrics

  • citations in SCindeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[=>]
  • visits in previous 30 days:28
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:8
article: 4 from 13  
Back back to result list
Fizička kultura
2018, vol. 72, iss. 1, pp. 37-48
article language: English, Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
doi:10.5937/fizkul1801037M

Creative Commons License 4.0
Reliability of measuring various contractile functions of finger flexors of men of various ages
aUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Sports and Physical Education
bCriminology and Police Academy
cUniverzitet 'Union - Nikola Tesla', Fakultet za sport
dVisoka zdravstvena škola strukovnih studija, Beograd

e-mail: mm_milanm@yahoo.com

Project

Effects of the Applied Physical Activity to Locomotor, Metabolic, Psycho-Social and Educational Status of the Population of the Republic of Serbia (MESTD - 47015)

Abstract

The aim of the research is to determine the reliability of testing various contractile functions of a male hand based on motoric and functional dominance and age. The examinee takes a seat with their arm extended or mildly flexed in a mildly abducted position. For the measuring purposes, dynamometric probe with isometric straining conditions fixed to a special construction was used. The 'Isometrics' (ver. 3.1.1) was used and frequency of data selection was realized on the level of 500 Hz. The sample includes 269 male examinees aged from 14.0 to 69.9. The results of descriptive statistics have shown that in relation to the tested sample for the non-dominant hand, values for maximum force (Fmax) range from 462.8 to 529.0 N, for explosive force (RFDmax) the range is from 1621.6 to 1972.8 N/s and for muscular force impulse (ImpF50%max) from 8203.9 to 15552.3 Ns, while Fmax values the dominant hand ranges from 478.1 to 566.2 N, for RFDmax it ranges from 1742.6 to 2119.0 N/s and for ImpF50%max 9516.7 to 16845.1 Ns. The results have shown that it is reliable to measure all three examined contractile hand characteristics where by ICC ranges from 0.938 to 0.977 for Fmax, from 0.903 to 0.971 for RFDmaxand from 0.747 to 0.943 for ImpF50%max. The second try as the better result should be considered the representational value for Fmaxand RFDmaxvariables, regardless of the hand dominance or age group. While for the variable ImpF50%max, in the age groups from 35.0 to 49.9 and from 50.0 to 69.9, the first tested try for both hands should be considered, in 14.0 to 19.9 years group the second try should be taken into consideration, and in 20.0 to 34.9 age range, the better result of the non-dominant hand is the first try, and of the dominant is the second try.

Keywords

hand grip; maximum force; explosive force; criterion endurance; force impulse

References

Newly uploaded article: references checking, normalizing and linking in progress.
Aadahl, M., Beyer, N., Linneberg, A., Thuesen, B.H. & Jørgensen, T. (2011). Grip strength and lower limb extension power in 19-71 years old Danish men and women: the Health 2006 study. BMJ Open, 1:10.
Beloosesky, Y., Weiss, A., Manasian, M. & Salai, M. (2010). Handgrip strength of the elderly after hip fracture repair correlates with functional outcome. Disability and Rehabilitation, 32(5), 367-673.
Blazevich, A., Gill, N. & Newton, R. (2002). Reliability and validity of two isometic squat tests. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 16(2), 298-304.
Bohannon, R.W. (2001). Dynamometer measurements of hand grip strength predict multiple outcomes. Percept Motor Skills, 93: 323-328.
Carrasco, L., Pradas, F., Floría, P., Martínez, A., Herrero, R. & Juraldo, J. A. G. (2010). Grip strength in young Top-level table tennis players. International Journal of Table Tennis Sciences, 6, 64-66.
Demura, S., Yamaji, S., Nagasawa, Y., Sato, S., Minami, M. & Yoshimura, Y. (2003). Reliability and gender differences of static explosive grip parameters based on force-time curves. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 43:28-35.
Desrosiers, J., Bravo, G., Hebert, R. & Dutil, E. (1995). Normative data for grip strength of elderly men and women. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 49(7), 637-644.
Dhara, P.C., De, S., Pal, A., Sengupta, P. & Roy, S. (2009). Assessment of hand grip strength of orthopedically challenged persons affected with upper extremity. Journal of Life Sciences,1 (2), 121-127.
Dopsaj, M. (2010). Karakteristike F-t krive: Analitički i dijagnostički značaj u sportu. [Characteristics of F-t curve: Analytical and diagnostic significance in sport. In Serbian]. In R. Stanković (ED.). Proceedings of the XIV Scientific Conference ‘FIS COMMUNICATIONS 2010’ in physical education, sport and recreation(pp 44-52). Niš: Faculty of sport and physical education.
Dopsaj, M., Ivanović, J., Blagojević, M., Koropanovski, N., Vučković, G., Janković, R. & Miljuš, D. (2009a). Basic and specific characteristics of the hand grip explosive force and time parameters in different strength trained population. Brazilian Journal of Biomotricity, 3(2), 177-193.
Dopsaj, M., Ivanović, J., Blagojević, M. & Vučković, G. (2009b). Descriptive, functional and sexual dimorphism of explosive isometric hand grip force in healthy university students in Serbia. FACTA UNIVERSITATIS: Series Physical Education and Sport, 7(2), 125-139.
Dopsaj, M., Kljajić, D., Eminović, F., Koropanovski, M., Dimitrijević, R., Stojković, I. (2011). Modelni pokazatelji karakteristika mišićne sile kod mladih i zdravih osoba pri motoričkom zadatku stisak šake, Pilot istraživanje. [Model indicators of the muscular strength characteristics of young and healthy persons in the motor assignment of hand grip, Pilot research. In Serbian]. Specijalna edukacija i rehabilitacija10 (1), 15-36.
Dopsaj, M., Koropanovski, N., Vučković, G., Blagojević, M., Marinković, B. & Miljuš, D. (2007). Maximal isometric hand grip force in well-trained university students in Serbia: Descriptive, functional and sexual dimorphic model. Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences, 1(4), 138-147.
Fernandes, A.A., Natali, A.J., Vieira, B.C., Neves do Valle, M.A.A., Moreira, D.G., Massy-Westropp, N. & Marins, B. (2014). The relationship between hand grip strength and anthropometric parameters in men. Archivos de Medicina del Deporte, 31(3), 160-164.
Foo, L.H., Zhang, Q., Zhu, K., Ma, G., Greeneld, H. & Fraser, D.R. (2007). Influence of body com position, muscle strength, diet and physical activity on total body and forearm mass in Chinese adolescent girls. The British Journal of Nutrition, 98(6), 1281-1287.
Gallupa, A.C., White, D.D. & Gallup, G.G. (2007). Handgrip strength predicts sexual behavior, body morphology, and aggression in male college students. Evolution and Human Behavior,28, 423-429.
Giampaoli, S., Ferrucci, L., Cecchi, F., Lo Noce, C., Poce, A., Dima, F., Santaquilani, A., Vescio, M.F. & Menotti, A. (1999). Hand-grip strength predicts incident disability in non-disabled oldermen. Age and Ageing, 28, 283-288.
Hager-Ros, C. & Rosblad, B. (2002). Norms for grip strength in children aged 4-16 years. Acta Paedriatrica, 91(6), 617-625.
Hair, J., Anderson, R., Tatham, R. & Black, W. (1998). Multivariate Data Analysis(Fih Ed.). Prentice - Hall, Inc., USA.
Hamilton, A., Balnave, R. & Adams, R. (1994). Grip srrenght testing reliability. Journal of Hand Therapy, 7, 163-170.
Ivanović, J., Koropanovski, N., Vucković, G., Janković, R., Miljuš, D., Marinković, B. & Dopsaj, M. (2009). Functional dimorphism and characteristics considering maximal hand grip force in top level athletes in the Republic of Serbia. Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche, 168(5), 297-310.
Ivanović, J. & Dopsaj, M. (2013). Reliability of force-time curve characteristics during maximal isometric leg press in differently trained high-level athletes. Measurement, 46, 2146-2154.
Kadir, E., Harmaa, A., Cetinb, A., Elmalia, N., Yologluc, S., Bostana, H. & Sakaryaa, B. (2005). An investigation of hand dominance, average versus maximum grip strength, body mass index and ages as determinants for hand evaluation. Isokinetics and Exercise Science,13: 223-227.
Kattel, B.P., Fredericks, T.K., Fernandez, J.E. & Lee, D.C. (1996). The effect of upper-extremity posture on maximum grip strength. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 18(5-6), 423-429.
Kerr, A., Syddall, H.E., Cooper, C., Turner, G.F., Briggs, R.S. & Sayer, A.A. (2006). Does admission grip strength predict length of stay in hospitalized older patients?. Age and Ageing, 35(1), 82-84.
Kljajić, D., Eminović, F., Tgovčević, S., Dimitrijević, R., Dopsaj, M. (2012). Funkcionalni odnos nedominantne i dominantne ruke pri motoričkom zadatku - izdržljivost u sili stiska šake. [Functional relation of the non-dominant and dominant hand in the motor task - endurance in the force of the hand pressing. In Serbian] Specijalna edukacija i rehabilitacija,11(1): 67-85.
Koley, S., Singh, S. & Kaur, S. (2011). A study of arm anthropometric prole in Indian interuniversity basketball players. Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences,5(1): 35-40.
Marković, M., Dopsaj, M. & Kasum, G. (2016). Differences between contractile characteristics of wrestler’s hand and control group of young, moderately active people. U S. Pantelic (Ed.) Proceedings of the XIX Scientific Conference ‘FIS COMMUNICATIONS 2016’ in physical education, sport and recreation(pp 44-52). Niš, Faculty of sport and physical education.
Massy-Westropp, N., Gill, T., Taylor, A., Bohannon, R. & Hill, C. (2011). Hand grip strength: age and gender stratied normative data in a population-based study. BMC Research Notes, 4, 127.
Müller, E., Benko, U., Raschner, C. & Schwameder, H. (2000). Specific fitness training and testing in competitive sports. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 32(1), 216-220.
Nicolay, C.W. & Walker, A.L. (2005). Grip strength and endurance: Inuences of anthropometric variation, hand dominance, and gender. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 35, 605-618.
Jenkins, N., Buckner, S., Bergstrom, H., Cochrane, K., Goldsmith, J., House, T., Johnson, G., Schmidt, R. & Cramer, J. (2014). Reliability and relationships among hand grip strength, leg extensor strength and power, and balance in older men. Experimental Gerontology, 58, 47-50.
Rantanen, T., Masaki, K., Foley, D., Izmirlian, G., White, L. & Guralnik, J. M. (1998). Grip strength changes over 27 yr in Japanese-American men. Journal of Applied Physiology,85(6), 2047-2053.
Sartorio, A., Lafortuna, C.L., Pogliaghi, S. & Trecate, L. (2002). The impact of gender, body dimension and body composition on hand-grip strength in healthy children. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, 25(5), 431-435.
Wind, A., Takken, T., Helders, P. & Engelbert, R. (2010). Is grip strength a predictor for total muscle strength in healthy children, adolescents, and young adults?. European Journal of Pediatrics, 169,281-287.