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Management: Journal of Sustainable Business and Management Solutions in Emerging Economies
2018, vol. 23, br. 3, str. 57-66
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
doi:10.7595/management.fon.2018.0008


Impact of leadership on innovation: Evidence from the hotel industry
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
aNovi Sad School of Business, Novi Sad
bUniversity of Business Studies, Faculty of Tourism and Hotel Management, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

e-adresa: dr.ana.jovicic@gmail.com

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
Research Question: The paper investigates a relationship between innovation and transformational/transactional leadership, as well as the impact of these two leadership styles on innovation. Motivation: As there is a small number of studies that have examined the impact of transformational and transactional leadership on innovations within the hospitality industry and in Serbia, the need for investigation is obvious. The paper draws on methodology and works of Bass and Avolio (1997), Hogan et al. (2011) and Nasution et al. (2011) which are, in this paper, applied to the context of hotel industry. The results of this study will expand theory in this field and can be used as a significant practical guide for hotel management in order to achieve business improvement. Idea: In today's turbulent business environment the ability of the organization to innovate has been a decisive factor of surviving, creating and maintaining competitive advantage on the market and also a critical factor in improving what the organization does. The aim of this research is to determine the predictive effect of transformational and transactional leadership on innovations within hotel industry in Serbia. Data: The study included 512 employees in 57 tree, four and five-star hotels in Serbia. A convenient sampling method was applied. The questionnaire used measured the employees' attitude towards innovations and transformational and transactional leadership, as well as sociodemographic variables Tools: The data were prepared and analysed using statistical software IBM SPSS 24.0. Statistical data processing methods used in this paper are descriptive statistics, the reliability of the instrument, correlation and regression analysis. Findings: The research results show that both transformational and transactional leadership styles predict innovations, where transformational leadership style is a stronger predictor and better correlates with innovations. The results show that transactional leaders may also encourage innovativeness, but within the frames of the tasks already set. They can also motivate the employees by using different methods such as stimulative rewards, however, they are primarily focused on task execution. Contribution: The results can be used in making future decisions, measures and standards related to human resource management, as well as the development and promotion of innovative activities in hotels.

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