Article metrics

  • citations in SCindeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[=>]
  • visits in previous 30 days:6
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:5
article: 8 from 12  
Back back to result list
2018, vol. 64, iss. 4, pp. 93-107
article language: English
document type: Scientific Paper

Creative Commons License 4.0
The use of drones in agriculture: ICT policy, legal and economical aspects
aSinergija University, Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality, Bjeljina, BiH
bUniversity of Priština, Faculty of Technical Science
cPublic institution Gymnasium Filip Višnjić, Bijeljina, Republika Srpska, BiH



The rapid development of information and communication technologies from the standpoint of hardware and software resources has led to their increasing application in various areas of everyday life and work. One of the novelties of the hardware industry are the drones. The set of services that drones offer have enabled their use in many areas. One of the currently popular areas for usage of drones is agriculture. Agricultural fields in which a drone can be used depends largely on its equipment, primarily set of sensors and/or high resolution cameras. This paper gives an overview of use cases in agriculture where drones are suitable for use. Furthermore, advantages and limitations of using such aircraft are given. From different economical and legal aspects the use od drones is described. The use of drones in agriculture can greatly contribute to the development of precise farming, reducing production costs and the production of healthier food.


dones; agriculture; DJI Phantom; legal issues; economical benefits


Aber, J.S., Marzolff, I., Ries, J.B. (2010) Smallformat aerial photography: principles, techniques and geoscience applications. Oxford: Elsevier
Barrientos, A., Colorado, J., Cerro, J.del, Martinez, A., Rossi, C., Sanz, D., Valente, J. (2011) Aerial remote sensing in agriculture: A practical approach to area coverage and path planning for fleets of mini aerial robots. Journal of Field Robotics, 28(5): 667-689
Cizmarov, M. (2015) Pravilnik o bespilotnim vazduhoplovima. Direktorat civilnog vazduhoplovstva Republike Srbije
DJI News (2017) DJI raises bar for aerial imaging with two new flying cameras., January 08, 2017
Erickson, B.J., Johannsen, C.J., Vorst, J.J., Biehl, L.L. (2004) Using Remote Sensing to Assess Stand Loss and Defoliation in Maize. Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, 70(6): 717-722
FAA (2016) Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS). U.S. Department of transportation federal aviation administration,, June 20, 2018
Gersher, S. (2014) Canada's domestic regulatory framework for RPAS: A call for public deliberation. Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems, 02(01): 1-4
Gutiérrez, P.A., López-Granados, F., Peña-Barragán, J.M., Jurado-Expósito, M., Hervás-Martínez, C. (2008) Logistic regression product-unit neural networks for mapping Ridolfia segetum infestations in sunflower crop using multitemporal remote sensed data. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 64(2): 293-306
Hardin, P.J., Jensen, R.R. (2011) Small-Scale Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Environmental Remote Sensing: Challenges and Opportunities. GIScience & Remote Sensing, 48(1): 99-111
Hinkley, E.A., Zajkowski, T. (2011) USDA forest service-NASA: unmanned aerial systems demonstrations - pushing the leading edge in fire mapping. Geocarto International, 26(2): 103-111
Inside Unmanned Systems (2017) EnseFly, a parrot company, introduces eXom, a rotary drone that features five vision sensors and the ability to record a variety of imagery. January 05, from:
Lan, Y., Huang, Y., Martin, D.E., Hoffmann, W.C. (2009) Development of an Airborne Remote Sensing System for Crop Pest Management: System Integration and Verification. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 25(4): 607-615
Lewis, G. (2007) Evaluating the Use of a Low-Cost Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Platform in Acquiring Digital Imagery for Emergency Response. in: Li, Jonathan; Zlatanova, Sisi; Fabbri, Andrea G. [ed.] Geomatics Solutions for Disaster Management, Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer Nature, str. 117-133
Livona (2017) Economical aerial aerophotogrametry system. December 20,
Markert, F. (2018) Drone laws in Germany. August 20,
Mazur, M. (2016) Six ways drones are revolutionizing agriculture. MIT Technology Review
Nixon, A. (2018) Best drones for agriculture 2018: The ultimate buyer's guide., September 18, 2018
Oljača, M., i dr. (2016) Application of drones in agriculture. in: Proceedings of the 18th Scientific Conference with International Participation - Current Problem of Agriculture Mechanization, pp. 89-101
Parrot (2017) Drones for agriculture: Drones in the crop scouting workflow., April 15, 2017
Pcfoto (2016) Lansirani novi dronovi: DJI Phantom 4 Pro i DJI inspire 2., March 08, 2018
Precision Hawk (2014) Drones to elevate business intelligence., December 20, 2017
Przyborski, P. (2017) Measuting vegetation (NDVI & EVI). Earth Observatory,, June 01, 2017
Rao, N. R., Garg, P.K., Ghosh, S.K. (2007) Development of an agricultural crops spectral library and classification of crops at cultivar level using hyperspectral data. Precision Agriculture, 8(4-5): 173-185
Robertson, M., Carberry, P., Brennan, L. (2007) The economic benefits of precision agriculture: Case studies from Australian grain farms. Grains Research & Development Corporation
Solo AGCO (2017) Agriculture from a new perspective., January 05, 2017
Srinivasan, A. (2006) Handbook of precision agriculture: Principles and applications. Danvers: CRC Press
Transport Canada (2012) UAV systems program design working group phase 1 final report., August 20, 2018
Trimble (2017) Trimble UX5 aerial imaging solution for agriculture., January 05, 2018
Zhang, C., Kovacs, J.M. (2012) The application of small unmanned aerial systems for precision agriculture: a review. Precision Agriculture, 13(6): 693-712