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Politeia
2018, vol. 8, br. 15, str. 32-49
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/politeia0-17377

Creative Commons License 4.0
'Venegzit' - Venecijanski secesionistički pokret
University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Political Sciences, Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina

e-adresa: aleksandar.savanovic@fpn.unibl.org

Sažetak

Istraživanje analizira secesionistički pokret iz Veneta. Fokus istraživanja je na plebiscitu iz 2014. godine. Kao širi teorijski okvir istraživanja koristićemo teoriju socijalnog ugovora kao glavni pristup u savremenoj političkoj filozofiji, sa velikim zna- čajem za naše razumijevanje političke zajednice. Prema ovom teorijskom modelu, secesija je pravno moguća jedino i jedino - ako postoji saglasnost ili konsenzus svih strana unutar političke zajednice. Obično (u političkoj praksi) to znači da postoji neka vrsta sporazuma između secesionista i centralne vlade. Druge vrste argumenata (ekonomski, kulturni i istorijski) ne mogu da pruže dovoljno opravdanje za secesiju. Obavezni razlog za secesiju je saglasnost drugih. Drugi razlozi nisu dovoljni, ali nisu ni obavezni. Secesija je moguća uz saglasnost drugih, čak i bez bilo kog drugog razloga, osim zahtjeva secesionista da napuste svoje sadašnje stanje. Diskusija o slučaju Veneta iz 2014. godine bila je tipičan primjer ovog teorijskog pristupa. Zahtjevi na osnovu kulturnih, ekonomskih i istorijskih činjenica bili su ispravni i bilo je moguće braniti ove argumente u korektnoj naučnoj debati i analizi. Ipak, odsustvo pristanka Vlade u Rimu sprečava bilo kakve pravne posljedice za promjenu statusa Veneta.

Ključne reči

Venexit; Venegzit; Veneto; Venecija; Venijanski secesionistički pokret; Italija

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