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Politeia
2018, vol. 8, br. 16, str. 57-73
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/politeia0-19921

Creative Commons License 4.0
Stari i novi problemi na Balkanu i marksizam
Department of International Relations of the Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey

e-adresa: turkes@metu.edu.tr

Sažetak

Čini se da nam napori da se odredi uloga marksizma na Balkanu u istorijskom smislu omogućavaju ne samo da se istakne njegova istorijska važnost, već i da se preciznije uputi na njegovu važnost u pogledu problema savremenog Balkana i mogućih rješenja. Stoga se u radu prvo ukratko razmatraju stari (kasni 19. i rani 20. vijek) i novi (kasni 20. i rani 21. vijek) opšti problemi naroda Balkana, s namjerom da se naznači njihov kontinuitet. Nakon toga, objašnjava se način na koji se prilazilo ovim problemima. Autor pretpostavlja da kapitalizam nema rješenja za bilo kakve ozbiljne probleme s kojima se narodi Balkana suočavaju, ali ih uspješno transformiše, čime si omogućava sopstveni opstanak. Dalje, u radu se propituju postignuća i nedostaci prve i druge generacije socijalista na Balkanu. Na kraju, ističe se da je na trećoj generaciji mislilaca nadahnutih Marksovim djelom da predlože alternativni sistem inspirisan marksizmom i njegovim inačicama kao suprotnost kapitalističkom sistemu koji ne uspijeva da se izbori s navedenim problemima, već im samo mijenja oblik.

Ključne reči

Kapitalizam; Balkan; marksizam; stari i novi problemi; socijalisti; transformacija problema

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