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Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo
2019, vol. 56, br. 1, str. 26-33
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: preliminarni izveštaj
doi:10.5937/ratpov56-19861

Creative Commons License 4.0
Mogućnost gajenja konvencionalnih konzumnih hibrida suncokreta u uslovima organske proizvodnje: preliminarni rezultati istraživanja
aNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresa: brankica.babec@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs

Projekat

Center for Organic Production Selenča within the project entitled "Realization of research and development activities from idea to implementation with the aim of improving the production of organic producers", which was supported by the Serbian National Agency for Regional Development, November 2015 - June 2016.

Sažetak

Kako organska poljoprivreda predstavlja jedan od najodrživijih načina korišćenja poljoprivrednog zemljišta, svrha ovog istraživanja bila je poboljšanje proizvodnje konzumnog suncokreta u organskoj poljoprivredi. Prilikom istraživanja upoređen je prinos po biljci konvencionalnih hibrida u organskom i konvencionalnom proizvodnom sistemu. Nakon toga, upoređeni su masa 1000 semena, prinos po biljci i udeo jezgra konzumnih hibrida tretiranih sledećim đubrivima koja se koriste u organskoj proizvodnji: đubrivo životinjskog porekla (G), đubriva na bazi amino-kiselina i azota (T) i mikrobiološko đubrivo (N) sa ne tretiranom kontrolom (C). Primena ovih đubriva povećala je prinos hibrida u odnosu na kontrolu, a najveći je zabeležen u kombinaciji tretmana G+N i G+T, a sve u organskom sistemu gajenja. NS Gricko je imao najmanji, statistički značajan, prinos semena po biljci u poređenju sa drugim hibridima, koji se značajno povećan tretiranjem G + N đubrivima; isti rezultati su dobijeni kod hibrida NS Slatki i NS Leviathan. Preliminarni rezultati studije ukazuju da primena organskih đubriva može pozitivno uticati na prinos suncokreta u uslovima organske proizvodnje, što pokazuje da su dalja istraživanja neophodna.

Ključne reči

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