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Specijalna edukacija i rehabilitacija
2019, vol. 18, br. 1, str. 43-61
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 31/05/2019
doi: 10.5937/specedreh18-19843
Creative Commons License 4.0
Neki aspekti senzorne disfunkcije kod mladih osoba sa poremećajem iz spektra autizma
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju
bUniverzitet "Sapienza", Katedra za razvojnu i kliničku psihologiju, Italija

e-adresa: mira.djordjevic81@gmail.com

Projekat

Socijalna participacija osoba sa intelektualnom ometenošću (MPNTR - 179017)

Sažetak

Senzornu disfunkciju karakterišu poteškoće pri prijemu, obradi i integraciji senzornih stimulusa, koje rezultiraju neobičnom reakcijom na senzorne podražaje. Izmenjena senzorna reaktivnost beleži se kod velikog broja osoba s poremećajem iz spektra autizma. Ciljevi ovog istraživanja su da se utvrde: a) odnos između težine autističkog poremećaja i senzornih disfunkcija; b) odnos između različitih senzornih modaliteta; c) odnos između uzrasta i funkcionisanja na senzornim modalitetima; d) modaliteti u kojima ispitanici imaju najizraženije senzorne disfunkcije. Uzorkom je obuhvaćeno 60 ispitanika s poremećajem iz spektra autizma, uzrasta od 11 do 26 godina. Za merenje senzornih odgovora ispitanika korišćen je Senzorni profl adolescenata i odraslih (Te Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profle, Brown & Dunn, 2002). Za potrebe utvrđivanja težine autističkog poremećaja korišćena je Skala za procenu pervazivnih poremećaja razvoja kod osoba sa intelektualnom ometenošću (Pervasive Developmental Disorder Mental Retardation Scale, PDD-MRS, Kraijer & de Bildt, 2005). Dobijeni rezultati pokazuju da kod mladih osoba s poremećajem iz spektra autizma nema statistički značajnih relacija između težine autističkog poremećaja i senzornih disfunkcija. Skoro svi senzorni modaliteti međusobno koreliraju statistički značajno. Značajne korelacije su izostale između uzrasta ispitanika i izmenjenih senzornih reakcija. Dobijeni rezultati pokazuju da ispitanici ostvaruju značajno viša postignuća na supskali Aktivitet u poređenju sa svim ostalim supskalama, na osnovu čega zaključujemo da ispitanici iz našeg uzorka imaju najviše poteškoća u prilagođavanju svog nivoa aktivnosti zahtevima svakodnevnih situacija. Ovi nalazi imaju značajne praktične implikacije, kako na planiranje i realizaciju senzornih intervencija kod ovih osoba, tako i na potrebu za usklađivanjem karakteristika okruženja u kom borave, zadataka koji im se zadaju i njihovih senzornih specifčnosti.

Ključne reči

aktivitet; mladi; senzorna disfunkcija; PSA

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