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Specijalna edukacija i rehabilitacija
2019, vol. 18, br. 1, str. 85-102
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 31/05/2019
doi: 10.5937/specedreh18-19135
Creative Commons License 4.0
Stavovi i motivacija gluvih i nagluvih učenika za učenje
Center for Hearing and Speech Rehabilitation, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

e-adresa: melihapovlakic@hotmail.com

Sažetak

Cilj rada bio je utvrditi stavove i motivaciju gluvih i nagluvih učenika za čitanje, pisanje i učenje, i njihovu povezanost sa školskim uspehom. Uzorak ispitanika činilo je 47 gluvih i nagluvih učenika, oba pola, uzrasta od 14 do 18 godina. Primenjena je Skala za ispitivanje interesa i aspiracija učenika (Suzić, 2003). Skala se sastoji od osam subskala s 20 tvrdnji/indikatora stavova za aktivnosti: učenje, sport, muzika, TV, zabava, čitanje/pisanje, ljubav-izlasci i društveno koristan rad. Deset tvrdnji se odnosi na uključenost u navedene aktivnosti, a drugih deset na mogućnosti koje pružaju te aktivnosti. Procenjivani su stavovi prema čitanju/pisanju i učenju, te utvrđena povezanost stavova sa opštim školskim uspehom. Podaci su obrađeni deskriptivnom analizom i izračunat je Spearmanov koefcijent korelacije. Dobijena je umerena povezanost stavova gluvih i nagluvih učenika prema čitanju/ pisanju (ρ=0,61) i učenju (ρ=0,55), a srednje jaka povezanost ocene mogućnosti koje pružaju ove aktivnosti (čitanje/pisanje - ρ=0,46 i učenje - ρ=0,36) s postignutim opštim školskim uspehom, na nivou statističke značajnosti p<0,05. Prema odgovorima ispitanika utvrđeno je da gluvi i nagluvi učenici koji bolje uviđaju važnost čitanja, pisanja i učenja imaju pozitivnije stavove, uključuju se u ove aktivnosti, smatraju da im one pružaju veće mogućnosti i veća je motivacija za učenje, što potvrđuju njihova bolja školska postignuća.

Ključne reči

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