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Sociološki pregled
2019, vol. 53, br. 1, str. 100-135
jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 14/06/2019
doi: 10.5937/socpreg53-20565
Creative Commons License 4.0
Mišljenje korisnika psihijatrijskih usluga o slici kakvu ostavljaju na druge i terminima koji ih stigmatizuju - razmatranje doživljene stigme i predloga za promenu termina
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet, Odeljenje za sociologiju

e-adresa: sladjadl@yahoo.com

Sažetak

U radu se bavimo istraživanjem mišljenja korisnika psihijatrijskih usluga o tome kako ih drugi, "zdravi" vide, i terminima koji se koriste u javnom diskursu za osobe koje imaju psihičke tegobe, ali pre svega, interesuje nas koji su termini najadekvatniji i najprihvatljiviji za ispitanike. Ova tema je potpuno neistražena, što verovatno znači za našu naučnu javnost i nedovoljno važna. Podaci ukazuju da su najčešće korišćeni upravo stigmatizujući i diskvalifikujući termini, a da se preporuka SZO o korišćenju drugačijih (manje stigmatizujućih) ne poštuje u svim zdravstvenim ustanovama, a još manje u drugim institucijama ili radnoj organizaciji. Većina ispitanika smatra da ih drugi vide u negativnom svetlu kao "nefunkcionalne", "drugačijeg raspoloženja i izgleda" i "opasne". U radu predstavljamo i podatke o doživljenoj diskriminaciji u radnom i porodičnom okruženju iz dva intervjua. Smatramo da su osim preporuka za preimenovanje, potrebne edukacija u obrazovnim institucijama, dobro osmišljeni antistigma programi i odgovorno izveštavanje u medijima, i znatno veći broj istraživanja u kojima su ispitanici osobe koje imaju psihičke tegobe.

Ključne reči

korisnici psihijatrijskih usluga; stigmatizujući termini; stereotipi; doživljena stigma; promena termina

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