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Psihološka istraživanja
2019, vol. 22, br. 1, str. 135-152
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/PSISTRA22-18884

Creative Commons License 4.0
Istraživanje uloge smelosti u Trijarhijskom modelu psihopatije
aEFFECTUS studij financije i pravo, Zagreb, Hrvatska
bUniverzitet u Zagrebu, Učiteljski fakultet, Zagreb, Hrvatska

e-adresa: ksokic@vsfp.eu

Sažetak

U Trijarhijskom modelu psihopatije tvrdi se da smelost odražava sindrom socijalne dominacije, emocionalnerezilijentnosti, avanturizma i visoke socijalne efikasnosti. Na osnovu teorijskih pretpostavki, smelost je adaptivna komponenta psihopatije i stoga može biti korisna za prepoznavanje "uspešnih" izraza psihopatije. U ovom radu istražuju se teorijske veze između smelosti i različitih prosocijalnih i antisocijalnih kriterijuma (npr. empatije, impulsivnosti i agresije) i analizira se da li smelost inkrementalno doprinosi ustanovljenim komponentama psihopatije (tj. zlobi i dezinhibiciji) u predviđanju ovih ishoda. Podaci su prikupljeni na uzorku od 600 studenata (308 muškaraca i 292 žene) koristeći Trijarhijsku meru psihopatije, Indeks interpersonalne reaktivnosti, Baratovu skalu impulsivnosti i Upitnik o reaktivnoj i proaktivnoj agresiji. Rezultati su pokazali da je smelost povezana sa niskomličnom uznemirenošću i niskom impulsivnošću zasnovanom na nedostatku planiranja. Međutim, smelost je takođe povezana sa maladaptivnim karakteristikama (višom motoričkom impulsivnošću i višom proaktivnom agresijom). Nalazi stoga ukazuju na to da je smelost povezana kako sa adaptivnim, tako i sa maladaptivnim karakteristikama.

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