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Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo
2019, vol. 56, br. 2, str. 41-48
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 25/07/2019
doi: 10.5937/ratpov56-20428
Creative Commons License 4.0
Uticaj Pseudomonas chlororaphis subsp. aurantiaca soja Q16 koji inhibira rast Fusarium oxysporum na prinos krompira
aInstitut za zaštitu bilja i životnu sredinu, Beograd
bInstitut za zemljište, Beograd
cVojnomedicinska akademija, Beograd
dUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresa: dobrivoj.postic@izbis.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Novi autohtoni izolati bakterija Lysobacter i Pseudomonas kao važan izvor metabolita korisnih za biotehnologiju, stimulaciju rasta biljaka i kontrolu bolesti bilja: od izolata do preparata (MPNTR - 46007)
Razrada integrisanog upravljanja i primene savremenih principa suzbijanja štetnih organizama u zaštiti bilja (MPNTR - 31018)

Sažetak

U ovom radu je ispitan potencijal sojeva Pseudomonas chlororaphis koji produkuju antibiotike da povećaju prinos krompira i da inhibiraju razvoj micelije fitopatogene gljive Fusarium oxysporum (Fo) izolovane sa krompira. P. chlororaphis subsp. aurantiaca soj Q16 (PchlQ16) izazvao je najveću inhibiciju rasta micelije (67,07%) gljive Fo izolata A2 in vitro. U poljskim ogledima utvrđivan je uticaj PchlQ16 na broj stabala po biljci, broj krtola i prosečnu masu krtole po biljci i ukupan prinos krompira sorte Rudolph. Primena PchlQ16 i broj tretmana imali su značajan uticaj na prinos krompira. PchlQ16 je povećao ukupan prinos krtola od 4,9% do 33,05% (dva tretmana), odnosno od 9,3% do 92,35% (četiri tretmana) u poredjenju sa kontrolom. Na osnovu ovih rezultata preporučujemo primenu PchlQ16 četiri puta tokom vegetacionog perioda krompira. Rezultati in vitro ogleda u kojima je ovaj soj izvršio supresiju razvoja F. oxysporum podržavaju ovu preporuku. U ovom istraživanju pokazano je da PchlQ16 deluje kao efektivan stimulator rasta biljaka u proizvodnji krompira i može biti efikasan u prevenciji infekcije gljivom F. oxysporum.

Ključne reči

Fusarium oxysporum; Pseudomonas chlororaphis; rizobacterija; Solanum tuberosum L.; uticaj inhibicije

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