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Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo
2019, vol. 56, br. 2, str. 49-55
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/ratpov56-19792

Creative Commons License 4.0
Prinos etarskog ulja i biomase mirodije (Anethum graveolens L.) gajene u uslovima navodnjavanja
aNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
bInstitute of Tamiš Pančevo, Pančevo
cInstitut za proučavanje lekovitog bilja 'Dr JosiPančić', Beograd
dUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresa: vera.popovic@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs

Projekat

Razvoj novih sorti i poboljšanje tehnologija proizvodnje uljanih biljnih vrsta za različite namene (MPNTR - 31025)
Stanje, tendencije i mogućnosti povećanja plodnosti poljoprivrednog zemljišta u Vojvodini (MPNTR - 31072)

Sažetak

Mirođija (Anethum graveolens L.) je jednogpdišnja zeljasta, začinska biljka, aromatičnog mirisa i ukusa čiji je najvažniji sastojak etarsko ulje. Eksperiment pokazuje efekat navodnjavanja na prinos etarskog ulja i biomase mirođije, a izveden je tokom vlažne 2016. i sušne 2017. godine u dve varijante: kontrola, bez navodnjavanja i varijanta sa navodnjavanjem. Povoljan vodni bilans zemljišta obezbeđen je primenom navodnjavanja metodom kap po kap. Prosečan prinos sveže biomase mirođije iznosio je 8.252 kg ha-1 (10.194 u navodnjavanju i 6.310 kg ha-1 na kontroli). U varijanti sa navodnjavanjem prinos biomase bio je veći u odnosu na kontrolnu varijantu za 78,59% u 2017. godini, dok je u 2016. godini ostvarena razlika od 47,41%. U varijanti sa navodnjavanjem, sadržaj i prinos etarskog ulja bio je veći u odnosu na kontrolnu varijantu za 10,73% i 95,97% u 2017. godini, dok je u 2016. godini ostvarena razlika od 3,93% i 54,06%.

Ključne reči

biomasa; etarsko ulje; mirođija; navodnjavanje; prinos; vodni režim zemljišta

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