Metrika članka

  • citati u SCindeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[=>]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:8
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:6
članak: 3 od 20  
Back povratak na rezultate
Journal of Applied Engineering Science
2019, vol. 17, br. 2, str. 126-133
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 04/09/2019
doi: 10.5937/jaes17-20216
Creative Commons License 4.0
Parameter for scale-up of extraction Cymbopogon nardus dry leaf using microwave assisted hydro-distillation
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
Faculty of Industrial Technology, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Department of Chemical Engineering, Surabaya, Indonesia

e-adresa: zuhdimasum49@gmail.com

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
Large capacity in extraction using the microwave hydrodistillation method is always a challenge to do. The biggest obstacle in this method is the limitations of microwaves penetrating the material. Besides that, the high heat produced due to molecular heating simultaneously causes some components to degrade and reduce the quality of essential oils. The purpose of this research is to study the effect of the ratio of the sample plant (Cymbopogonnardus) to the solvent (F/S = 0.08, 0.16, 0.24 g/mL), as well as the ratio of volume distiller to volume microwave cavity (D/M = 0,04, 0,08 v/v) to the yield and quality of Citronella Oil produced. The experimental lead to the conclusion that the ratio of the sample plant to the solvent (F/S) of 0.24 g/ mL is the maximum for extraction of Citronella Oil. The ratio of volume distiller to volume microwave cavity (D/M) 0,08 v/v provides a higher yield compared to (D/M) 0,04 v/v with a longer extraction time. The qualitative analysis by GC-MS shows that the Citronella is the main component of Citronella Oil. The composition showed significant differences in the essential oil content of different ratio of volume distiller to volume microwave cavity (D/M). The ratio volume distiller to volume microwave cavity (D/M) 0,04 v/v gave 21 component with the highest Citronella percentage (40.54%). Compared to (D/M) 0,08 v/v gave 27 component with the Citronella percentage (18.64%). The results showed that different volume of distillers showed different yields and components.

Ključne reči

volume distiller; microwave power; Feed to solvent (F/S); Cymbopogon nardus; GC MS

Reference

Avoseh, O., Oyedeji, O., Rungqu, P., Nkeh-Chungag, B., Oyedeji, A. (2015) Cymbopogon species: Ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and the pharmacological importance. Molecules, 20(5), 7438-7453
Brodie, G.I. (2008) The influence of load geometry on temperature distribution during microwave heating. Transactions of the ASABE, 51(4), 1401-1413
Chanthai, S., Prachakoll, S., Ruangviriyachai, C., Luthria, D.L. (2012) Influence of extraction methodologies on the analysis of five major volatile aromatic compounds of Citronella grass (Cymbopogon nardus) and lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) grown in Thailand. Journal of AOAC International, 95(3), 763-772
Chemat, F., Cravotto, G. (2013) Microwave-assisted extraction for bioactive compounds: Theory and practice. New York - Heidelberg - Dordrecht - London: Springer
Chemat, F., Cravotto, G. (2013) Microwave-assisted extraction for bioactive compounds. New York - Heidelberg - Dordrecht - London: Springer, 10.1007/978-1-4614-4830-3
Chemat, F., Rombaut, N., Pierson, J.T., Bily, A. (2015) Green extraction: From concepts to research
de Toledo, L., Ramos, M., Spósito, L.M., Castilho, E., Pavan, F., Lopes, É.J., Zocolo, G., Silva, F., Soares, T., Dos, S.A., Bauab, T., de Almeida, M. (2016) Essential oil of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle: A strategy to combat fungal infections caused by candida species. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 17(8), 1252-1252
Desai, M.A., Parikh, J. (2015) Extraction of essential oil from leaves of lemongrass using microwave radiation: optimization, comparative, kinetic, and biological studies. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 3(3), 421-431
Flórez, N., Conde, E., Domínguez, H. (2015) Microwave assisted water extraction of plant compounds. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, 90(4), 590-607
Hamzah, M.H., Che, M.H., Zainal, A.Z., Jamaludin, H. (2014) Comparison of Citronella oil extraction methods from Cymbopogon nardus grass by ohmic-heated hydro-distillation, hydro-distillation, and steam distillation. BioResources, 9(1), 256-272
Manvitha, K., Bidya, B. (2014) Review on pharmacological activity of Cymbopogon citratus. 1(6), 5-7
Nitthiyah, J., Hamid, N.A., Kantasamy, R., Akindoyo, J.O. (2017) Microwave assisted hydrodistillation: An overview of mechanism and heating properties. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 11(3), 22-29
Ormeño, E., Goldstein, A., Niinemets, Ü. (2011) Extracting and trapping biogenic volatile organic compounds stored in plant species. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 30(7), 978-989
Petigny, L., Périno, S., Minuti, M., Visinoni, F., Wajsman, J., Chemat, F. (2014) Simultaneous microwave extraction and separation of volatile and non-volatile organic compounds of boldo leaves: From lab to industrial scale. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 15(5), 7183-7198
Pozar, D. (2005) Microwave engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Fourth Edition, https://doi.org/TK7876.P69 2011
Sadgrove, N., Jones, G. (2015) A contemporary introduction to essential oils: Chemistry, bioactivity and prospects for Australian agriculture. Agriculture, 5(1), 48-102
Singh, A., Nair, G., Liplap, P., Gariepy, Y., Orsat, V., Raghavan, V. (2014) Effect of dielectric properties of a solvent-water mixture used in microwave-assisted extraction of antioxidants from potato peels. Antioxidants, 3(1), 99-113
Singh, A., Kumar, A. (2017) Cultivation of Citronella ( Cymbopogon winterianus ) and evaluation of its essential oil , yield and chemical composition in Kannauj region. 13(2), 139-46
Sparr, E.C., Björklund, E. (2000) Analytical-scale microwave-assisted extraction. Journal of Chromatography A, 902(1), 227-250
Stefanidis, G.D., Muñoz, A.N., Sturm, G.S.J., Stankiewicz, A. (2014) A helicopter view of microwave application to chemical processes: Reactions, separations, and equipment concepts. Reviews in Chemical Engineering, 30(3), 233-259
Thakker, M.R., Parikh, J.K., Desai, M.A. (2016) Microwave assisted extraction of essential oil from the leaves of Palmarosa: Multi-response optimization and predictive modelling. Industrial Crops and Products, 86, 311-319
Zhang, H., General Electric (2017) Microwave heating of foods. no. January
Zhang, Z., Su, T., Zhang, S. (2018) Shape effect on the temperature field during microwave heating process. Journal of Food Quality, 2018, 1-24