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Sociološki pregled
2019, vol. 53, br. 3, str. 943-977
jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/socpreg53-23765
Creative Commons License 4.0
Neki (društveni) aspekti obrazovanja u tranzcionoj Srbiji
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Učiteljski fakultet, Katedra za filozofiju i društvene nauke, Beograd

e-adresa: uros.suvakovic@uf.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Kosovo i Metohija između nacionalnog identiteta i evrointegracija (MPNTR - 47023)

Sažetak

U radu se razmatraju promene kroz koje je prolazilo obrazovanje u Srbiji - posebno ono visoko - tokom perioda tranzicije, 1989-2019. godine. Na osnovu izvršene analize, autor predlaže periodizaciju promena u obrazovanju i obrazovnoj politici u tranzicionoj Srbiji. Tokom ovog trodecenijskog tranzicionog perioda jasno se razlikuju, kada je u pitanju visoko školstvo, do bolonjska i bolonjska faza. Ukazuje se na to da je ideološka podloga tranzicione reforme obrazovanja u Srbiji, a posebno njene "bolonjske faze", neoliberalna, globalistička i antiprosvetiteljska. Svrha obrazovanja je izmenjena, pa su i obrazovne ustanove postale "preduzeća" koja, umesto prosvetiteljske uloge i stvaranja širokoobrazovanih ličnosti, dobijaju funkciju stvaranja profita na obrazovanju i istovremeno obrazuju mlade ljude za zanimanja koja treba da doprinesu porastu BDP-a kao glavnom kriterijumu kurentnosti kvalifikacija radne snage. Izvesno je da je čitav proces kao ishod imao: inflaciju visokoobrazovanih, emigraciju najboljih, ostanak u zemlji osrednjih i slabih stručnjaka, nedostatak kadrova svih vrsta, promociju tehničkih "znanja", različite oblike "sistemske obrazovne korupcije" i zapostavljanje društveno-humanističkih nauka. Ovo naravno treba posmatrati i kroz prizmu "globalne podele rada": zemlje periferije ili poluperiferije, poput drugih sirovina, "izvoze" svoje najbolje stručnjake u zemlje centra, i na taj način finansiraju prosperitet bogatih, dok istovremeno TA društva ostaju u stagnirajućem ili čak regresivnom položaju.

Ključne reči

obrazovna politika; tranzicija; svrha obrazovanja; "Bolonjska reforma visokog obrazovanja"; "globalna podela rada"; emigracija obrazovanih; Srbija 1989-2019

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