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Medicinski časopis
2019, vol. 53, br. 2, str. 55-63
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljeno: 09/02/2020
doi: 10.5937/mckg53-22405
Kofein u sportu
aZavod za zdravstvenu zaštitu zdravlja radnika 'Pančevac', Pančevo
bUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Medicinski fakultet

e-adresa: natashadj2002@yahoo.com

Sažetak

Kofein je stimulans centralnog nervnog sistema koji svoje dejstvo ostvaruje preko nekoliko mehanizama i utiče na mnoge biološke funkcije. Generalno, smatra se bezbednom supstancom i konzumira širom sveta ishranom i pićima koji ga sadrže. Za kofein su karakteristične velike interindividualne razlike u farmakokinetici i farmakodinamici, kao i razvijanje tolerancije i zavisnosti kod hroničnog unosa. U sportu, primena malih ili umerenih doza kofeina poboljšava performanse, uključujući opštu i mišićnu izdržljivost, povećanje mobilizacije masti iz adipoznog tkiva i mišićnih ćelija, smanjenje percepcije zamora, povećanje motorne aktivnosti, uticaj na reakciono vreme, stepen budnosti, poboljšanje vizuelne percepcije i povećan broj angažovanih mišićnih vlakana. Zbog potvrđenog ergogenog efekta, primena kofeina u sportu dugo je bila zabranjivana, ali danas se on smatra bezbednim i efikasnim suplementom, koji se može koristiti u sportu. Ipak, i dalje podleže monitoringu tokom takmičenja radi sprečavanja eventualne zloupotrebe.

Ključne reči

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