Article metrics

  • citations in SCindeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[=>]
  • visits in previous 30 days:30
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:9
article: 9 from 11  
Back back to result list
Fizička kultura
2019, vol. 73, iss. 2, pp. 261-270
article language: Serbian, English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
published on: 24/02/2020
doi: 10.5937/fizkul1902261K
Creative Commons License 4.0
The influence of the complex training method on maximal isometric force production of junior basketball players
aUniversity of Banja Luka, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Republic of Srpska, B&H
bUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Sports and Physical Education

e-mail: aleksandar.kukric@gmail.com

Abstract

During the period of ten weeks, a study has been conducted on the effects of a complex training method on the maximal isometric muscle force, its peaking time, and the rate of force development in the semi-squat test. The participants of the study were twenty junior basketball players (average age 16.4+/-0.7; mean body height 186.2cm+/-9.2; mean body weight 75,4+/-7.5kg; mean body fat percentage 12,83%+/-1.15). The participants were divided into experimental (n=10) and control group (n=10). The experimental group, besides technical-tactical training sessions, had additional complex training, while the control group had technical-tactical training sessions only. At the final testing, the results of maximal isometric muscle force and the explosive power index, have significantly improved in the experimental group, while the control group did not make significant progress. There were no significant changes in the maximal isometric muscle force's peak time at the final testing. The study findings indicate that application of the complex training method has positive effects on the development of maximal isometric force, and the rate of force development.

Keywords

explosive power; postactivating potentiation; reactive training; junior basketball players

References

Bazyler, C.D., Beckham, G.K., Sato, K. (2015) The use of the isometric squat as a measure of strength and explosiveness. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(5): 1386-1392
Behrens, M., Mau-Moeller, A., Mueller, K., Heise, S., Gube, M., Beuster, N., Herlyn, P.K.E., Fischer, D., Bruhn, S. (2016) Plyometric training improves voluntary activation and strength during isometric, concentric and eccentric contractions. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 19(2): 170-176
Brzycki, M. (1993) Strength testing: Predicting a one-rep max from reps-to-fatigue. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 64(1): 88-90
Burger, T., Boyer-Kendrick, T., Dolny, D. (2000) Complex training compared to a combined weight training and plyometric training program. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 14(3), 360-365
Chiu, L.Z.F., Fry, A.C., Weiss, L.W., Schilling, B.K., Brown, L.E., Smith, S.L. (2003) Postactivation potentiation response in athletic and recreationally trained individuals. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 17(4): 671-677
Clutch, D., Wilton, M., Mcgown, C., Bryce, G. R. (1983) The effect of depth jumps and weight training on leg strength and vertical jump. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 54(1): 5-10
Comyns, T.M., Harrison, A.J., Hennessy, L.K. (2010) Effect of squatting on sprinting performance and repeated exposure to complex training in male rugby players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(3): 610-618
Comyns, T.M., Harrison, A.J., Hennessy, L.K., Jensen, R.L. (2006) The optimal complex training rest interval for athletes from anaerobic sports. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(3): 471-476
Duthie, G.M., Young, W.B., Aitken, D.A. (2002) The acute effect of heavy loads on jump squat performance: An evuluation of the complex training and contrast methods of power development. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 16(4), 530-538
Ebben, W.P., Blackard, D.O. (1997) Complex training with combined explosive weight training and plyometric exercises. Olympic Coach, 7: 11-12
Ebben, W.P., Watts, P.B., Jensen, R.L., Blackard, D.O. (2000) Electromyographic and kinetic analysis of complex training exercise variables. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 14(4): 451-456
Fitts, R.H., Widrick, J.J. (1996) Muscle mechanics: Adaptations with exercise-training. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 24: 427-474
Folland, J.P., Williams, A.G. (2007) The adaptations to strength training: Morphological and neurological contributions to increased strength. Sports Medicine, 37(2): 145-168
French, D.N., Kraemer, W.J., Cooke, C.B. (2003) Changes in dynamic exercise performance following a sequence of preconditioning isometric muscle actions. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 17(4): 678-685
Gossen, E. R., Sale, D.G. (2000) Effect of postactivation potentiation on dynamic knee extension performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 83(6): 524-530
Gourgoulis, V.N., Aggeloussis, N., Kasimatis, P., Mavromatis, G., Garas, A. (2003) Effect of a submaximal half-squats warm-up program on vertical jumping ability. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 17(2): 342-344
Häkkukinen, K., Komi, P.V., Alén, M. (1985) Effect of explosive type strength training on isometric force and relaxation-time, electromyographic and muscle fibre characteristics of leg extensor muscles. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 125(4): 587-600
Hodgson, M.J., Docherty, D., Zehr, E. P. (2008) Postactivation potentiation of force is independent of H-reflex excitability. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 3(2): 219-231
Jensen, R.L., Ebben, W.P., Blackard, D.O., McLaughlin, B.P., Watts, P.B. (1999) Kinetic and electromyographic analysis of combined strength and plyometric training in women basketball players. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 31(5): S193-S198
Jensen, R.L., Ebben, W.P. (2003) Kinetic analysis of complex training rest interval effect on vertical jump performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 17(2): 345-349
Kukrić, A., Karalejić, M., Petrović, B., Jakovljević, S. (2009) Effect of complex training on explosive strength of legs extensors in junior basketball players. Fizička kultura, vol. 63, br. 2, str. 165-180
Lüthi, J.M., Howald, H., Claassen, H., Rösler, K., Vock, P., Hoppeler, H. (1986) Structural changes in skeletal muscle tissue with heavy-resistance exercise. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 07(03): 123-127
Mccall, G.E., Byrnes, W.C., Dickinson, A., Pattany, P.M., Fleck, S.J. (1996) Muscle fiber hypertrophy, hyperplasia, and capillary density in college men after resistance training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 81(5): 2004-2012
Requena, B., Gapeyeva, H., García, I., Ereline, J., Pääsuke, M. (2008) Twitch potentiation after voluntary versus electrically induced isometric contractions in human knee extensor muscles. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 104(3): 463-472
Rixon, K.P., Lamont, H.S., Bemben, M.G. (2007) Influence of type of muscle contraction, gender, and lifting experience on postactivation potentiation performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(2): 500-505
Robbins, D.W. (2005) Postactivation potentiation and its practical applicability: A brief review. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(2): 453-458
Roden, D., Lambson, R., Debeliso, M. (2014) The effects of a complex training protocol on vertical jump performance in male high school basketball players. Journal of Sports Science, 2: 21-26
Sale, D.G. (2003) Neural adaptation to strength training. in: Komi P.V. [ed.] Strength and power in sport, Malden, MA: Blackwell Science Ltd, 281-314
Seitz, L.B., de Villarreal, E.S., Haff, G. G. (2014) The temporal profile of postactivation potentiation is related to strength level. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28(3): 706-715
Siff, M.C., Verkhoshansky, Y.V. (1999) Supertraining. Denver: Supertraining International
Tsolakis, C., Bogdanis, G.C., Nikolau, A., Zacharogiannis, E. (2011) Influence of type of muscle contraction and gender on postactivation potentiation of upper and lower limb explosive performance in elite fencers. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 10(3): 577-583
Weber, K.R., Brown, L.E., Coburn, J.W., Zinder, S.M. (2008) Acute effects of heavy-load squats on consecutive squat jump performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(3): 726-730
Wilson, J.M., Duncan, N.M., Marin, P.J., Brown, L.E., Loenneke, J.P., Wilson, S.M., Jo, E., Lowery, R.P., Ugrinowitsch, C. (2013) Meta-analysis of postactivation potentiation and power: Effects of conditioning activity, volume, gender, rest periods, and training status. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 27(3): 854-863
Xenofondos, A., Laparidis, K., Kyranoudis, A., Galazoulas, Ch., Bassa, E., Kotzamanidis, C. (2010) Postactivation potentiation: Factors affecting it and the effect on performance. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 28(3): 32-38
Young, A., Stokes, M., Round, J.M., Edwards, R.H.T. (1983) The effect of high-resistance training on the strength and cross-sectional area of the human quadriceps. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 13(5): 411-417
Young, W.B., Jenner, A., Griffiths, K. (1998) Acute enhancement of power performance from heavy load squats. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 12(2): 82-84