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Inovacije u nastavi - časopis za savremenu nastavu
2020, vol. 33, br. 2, str. 70-85
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 02/08/2020
doi: 10.5937/inovacije2002070G
Creative Commons License 4.0
Procena gramatičkog znanja dece predškolskog uzrasta korišćenjem TROG testa - preliminarno istraživanje
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju
bDom zdravlja "Novi Beograd", Beograd

e-adresa: nevenajecmenica88@gmail.com

Sažetak

Cilj istraživanja je utvrđivanje karakteristika gramatičkih sposobnosti kod dece predškolskog uzrasta, kao i da li određeni faktori utiču na usvojenost gramatičkog znanja kod ove grupe dece. Istraživanje je sprovedeno na uzorku od sto dva deteta (pedeset šest dečaka i četrdeset šest devojčica), uzrasta od četiri do šest godina. Za potrebe istraživanja deca su podeljena u četiri grupe, sa uzrasnim intervalom između grupa od pet meseci. U istraživanju je za procenu usvojenosti gramatičkog znanja korišćen Test razumevanja gramatike - TROG. Rezultati istraživanja pokazuju da postoje statistički značajne razlike u usvojenosti gramatičkih sposobnosti u odnosu na uzrast dece (F (3.98)=5.48; p=0.002; ƞ2 =0.14). Analizom dobijenih rezultata utvrđene su statistički značajne razlike u postignuću na primenjenim zadacima između najmlađe grupe dece i ostalih uzrasnih grupa, u korist starije dece (p<0.05). Sa druge strane, nisu utvrđene statistički značajne razlike u postignuću između dečaka i devojčica (t (100)=-0.968; p=0.335; d=0.22). Suprotno našim očekivanjima, nisu utvrđene statistički značajne razlike u sumarnom skoru TROG testa u odnosu na obrazovni nivo majki. Rezultati istraživanja pokazuju da statistički značajne razlike postoje samo između postignuća dece majki sa srednjim i visokim nivoom obrazovanja, u korist visokoobrazovanih majki (p=0.009). Značajnije rezultate uočavamo na istoj varijabli kada kao uticaj posmatramo obrazovanje oca (F (3.98)=2.90, p=0.039, ƞ2=0.081).

Ključne reči

jezičke sposobnosti; gramatičko znanje; predškolski uzrast; TROG test

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