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2022, vol. 63, br. 2, str. 135-145
Ekonomski i tehnološki aspekti uticaja čestica PM2,5 na zdravlje i produktivnost ljudi
aUniversity of Geneva, Institute of Global Health, Geneva, Switzerland
bInstitut za rudarstvo i metalurgiju, Bor + Univerzitet u Beogradu, Tehnički fakultet u Boru
cGraduate Institute of International and Development Studies Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
dInstitut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social (IPHES) in Tarragona, Tarragona, Spain
eUniverzitet Privredna akademija u Novom Sadu

e-adresaDejan.Loncar@unige.ch
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Institut za rudarstvo i metalurgiju, Bor) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200052)

Ključne reči: PM2,5 čestice; tehnološki & ekonomski rast; zdravlje ljudi; regresiona analiza; analiza panel podataka
Sažetak
Tokom proteklih nekoliko decenija tehnološki i ekonomski rast su značajno doprineli poboljšanju sistema zdravstvene zaštite kroz povećana ulaganja u tehnološka istraživanja, obuku i primenu novih tehnologija u zdravstvu. Postoje podaci da brz tehnološki i ekonomski rast, doprinoseći poboljšanju sistema zdravstvene zaštite, takođe dovodi i do smanjenja stope smrtnosti, kao i do dužeg životnog veka ljudi, što indeirektno utiče na aktivnost čoveka u naučnim i političkim sferama. Istovremeno, postoje podaci da čestice veleičine 2,5 mikrona (PM2,5 čestice), kao rezultat industrijskog razvoja i povećane upotrebe automobila, utiču negativno na zdravstvene ishode širom sveta. U ovom radu se analizira uticaj povećane koncentracije PM2,5 čestica u vazduhu na ekonomski i tehnološki razvoj, kako bi se došlo do zaključka da li između njih postoji uzajamno zavisan odnos. Rad ima za cilj da razjasni dugoročni efekat PM2,5 na zdravstvene ishode, na kontrolu tehnološkog i ekonomskog rasta, kao i na druge važne faktore, na osnovu analize datih panel podataka i na osnovu primene savremenih ekonometrijskih metoda, kako bi se potvrdile iznete tvrdnje. Shodno tome, svrha ovog rada je da pruži informacije o negativnom uticaju PM2,5 čestica na zdravlje ljudi, kao indirektnog uticaja na razvoj novih materijala i tehnologija, uzimajući u obzir socio-ekonomske faktore na globalnom nivou.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/zasmat2202135L
primljen: 01.11.2021.
prihvaćen: 16.12.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 18.06.2022.
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