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Ekonomski horizonti
2015, vol. 17, br. 1, str. 15-31
jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/ekonhor1501015m


Ponovna industrijalizacija i strukturne promene u funkciji ekonomskog razvoja Republike Srbije
Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Ekonomski fakultet

e-adresa: micicv@kg.ac.rs

Sažetak

U radu se analiziraju industrijalizacija i strukturne promene koje ona izaziva, a koje su glavni pokretači i nosioci održivog ekonomskog razvoja. Ukazuje se da je industrija Republike Srbije (RS) devastirana, usled nagle i prevremene tercijarizacije, kao i neadekvatnih reformi. Postojeća struktura privrede i industrije nisu u stanju da obezbede održiv ekonomski razvoj. Shodno tome, cilj istraživanja je da se ukaže na značaj sprovođenja ponovne industrijalizacije i strukturnih promena u RS. Polazeći od stava da je industrija pokretač i nosilac ekonomskog rasta i razvoja, u radu se ukazuje na to da je u RS neophodno sprovesti ponovnu industrijalizaciju i strukturne promene industrije, s obzirom na to da su nivo razvoja i konkurentnost industrije u korelaciji sa intenzitetom industrijalizacije. Rezultati istraživanja ukazuju na to da razvijenije industrijske zemlje imaju efikasnije strukturne promene i propulzivniju proizvodnju, koja stvara veću dodatu vrednost. Pored nivoa industrijskog razvoja, to se odražava na dostignuti nivo konkurentnosti, obim i kvalitet izvoza.

Ključne reči

industrijalizacija; strukturne promene; nivo razvoja i konkurentnost industrije; ekonomski razvoj

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