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Vojnosanitetski pregled
2018, vol. 75, iss. 5, pp. 439-446
article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
doi:10.2298/VSP160115330D

Creative Commons License 4.0
Comparison of diagnostic criteria in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: The contribution of electromyographic findings
aUniversity of Banja Luka, University Clinical Centre of the Republic of Srpska, School of Medicine, Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
bUniversity of Belgrade
cUniversity of Defence, Faculty of Medicine of the Military Medical Academy, Belgrade + Military Medical Academy, Clinic of Neurology, Belgrade

e-mail: tihoilic@gmail.com

Project

Cellular and molecular basis of neuroinflamation: potential targets for translational medicine and therapy (MESTD - 41014)
Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Serbia (Project MFVMA/12/13-15)
Noninvasive modulation of cortical excitability and plasticity - Noninvasive neuromodulation of the CNS in the study of physiological mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment (MESTD - 175012)
Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Serbia, no. MFVMA/12/13-15

Abstract

Diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is based on combination of clinical signs and electrophysiological correlates of pathological process which takes place in general. New electrophysiological criteria Awaji-Shima (AS) additionally qualify the complex fasciculations and neurogenically modified potentials of motor units as signs of active lesions of peripheral motor neuron, contrary to previously valid revised El Escorial criteria (rEE). The objective of this research was to determine the clinical significance and advantages of using the AS criteria in patients with ALS. Methods. Thirty patients (59.2 ± 10.9 years, 57% of them with spinal form of the disease) with clinically suspected ALS were monitored from the time of diagnosis until reaching the category of definitive diagnosis or death. The clinical evaluation and electromyographic (EMG) examinations were carried out at 3-month intervals. Results. By applying the AS criteria, the category of probable or definite diagnosis was achieved in all patients with ALS, except in one (96.6%), as contrary to the rEE (33.3%), after 6 months of the follow-up period. The subclinical affection in more than two body regions has been defined through detection of denervation potentials (80% of the patients by using the AS, or 67% by the rEE criteria). The complex fasciculations were registered particularly often in small muscles of the feet (37- 40%). Conclusion. Application of the AS criteria improve the achievment of category of probable or definite diagnosis of ALS by 2.7 months earlier compared to the rEE. This outcome is particularly affected by a higher frequency of positive EMG findings, when the AS criteria were employed. Early determination of diagnosis provides the better perspective and more frequent participation of the ALS patients in pharmacotherapy studies intended to establish new therapeutic options.

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References

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