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Ekonomika poljoprivrede
2017, vol. 64, br. 1, str. 323-337
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/ekoPolj1701323R

Creative Commons License 4.0
Mere podrške razvoju organske poljoprivrede u EU i Srbiji
Institut za ekonomiku poljoprivrede, Beograd

e-adresa: svetlana_r@iep.bg.ac.rs, predrag_v@iep.bg.ac.rs, biljana_g@iep.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Održiva poljoprivreda i ruralni razvoj u funkciji ostvarivanja strateških ciljeva Republike Srbije u okviru dunavskog regiona (MPNTR - 46006)
Ruralno tržište rada i ruralna ekonomija Srbije - diverzifikacija dohotka i smanjenje siromaštva (MPNTR - 179028)

Sažetak

Cilj rada je analiza stanja sektora organske poljoprivrede, kao i sistema podrške koji se ovoj ekološkoj proizvodnji pruža u Evropskoj uniji i Srbiji. Organska poljoprivreda pokazuje dinamičan proces rasta i razvoja, naročito u ekonomski razvijenim državama. U proteklih deset godina površine pod organskom proizvodnjom u EU uvećane su za 70%, broj sertifikovanih proizvođača veći je za 60%, dok je ukupna vrednost tržišta udvostručena. Sa druge strane, rast i razvoj organske poljoprivrede u Srbiji je veoma spor. Trenutno, površine pod organskom proizvodnjom čine svega 0,4% ukupno korišćenog poljoprivrednog zemljišta, dok je za ovaj način proizvodnje hrane sertifikovano 0,3% od ukupnog broja poljoprivrednih gazdinstava. Intezivan rast organske poljoprivrede u EU omogućen je stabilnom podrškom kako u pogledu mera, tako i finansijskih sredstava, dok se u Srbiji iz godine u godinu menjaju ne samo iznosi samih podsticaja, već i tipovi podrške. Na osnovu toga, može se zaključiti da je stabilna podrška države ključna za podsticanje rasta i unapređenje sektora organske poljoprivredne proizvodnje.

Ključne reči

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