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Acta agriculturae Serbica
2018, vol. 23, br. 45, str. 15-26
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
doi:10.5937/AASer1845015M

Creative Commons License 4.0
Uticaj potapanja semena na parametre klijanja soje
aNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
bMegatrend Univerzitet, Fakultet za biofarming, Bačka Topola

e-adresa: zlatica.miladinov@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs

Sažetak

Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se ispita efekat prajmera na parametre kvaliteta semena pri različitim početnim vrednostima klijavosti. Za istraživanje je korišćeno seme deset linija soje koje su selekcionisane na Institutu za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo u Novom Sadu. Početna vrednost klijavosti semena linija kretala se od 48% do 89%. Seme je površinski sterilisano 3% rastvorom natrijumhipohlorita, a onda je potapano u različite prajmere: kalijum-nitrat 1%, kalijumhlorid 1%, vodonik-peroksid 1% i kontrola - netretirano seme. Rezultati su pokazali da efekat prajmiranja zavisi od linije i tretmana, a da početna vrednost klijavosti semena ne utiče na efikasnost ove predsetvene mere. Neke linije su veoma dobro reagovale na potapanje, dok je kod drugih došlo do inhibitornog delovanja, pa se vrednost klijavosti značajno smanjila. Povećanje klijavosti se kretalo, u zavisnosti od linija i tretmana, do 12%, a smanjenje do 11%. Kod linija gde je primenom ove mere ostvaren pozitivan efekat, povećane su vrednosti i ostalih parametara klijanja: srednje vreme klijanja (MGT) i vreme do 50% klijavosti (T50). Linije koje su negativno reagovale na prajmiranje i kod kojih je klijavost smanjena imale su niže vrednosti MGT i T50, ali i bržu pojavu klicinog korenčića u odnosu na kontrolnu varijantu. Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju na to da se ne može govoriti o univerzalnoj primeni jednog prajmera, jer se može dogoditi da on ne odgovara određenoj liniji, pa može doći do pogoršanja kvaliteta semena.

Ključne reči

klijavost; parametri klijanja; potapanje; seme soje

Reference

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