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2018, vol. 71, br. 5-6, str. 157-161
Analiza respiratornih parametara i maksimalne potrošnje kiseonika kod sportista i osoba koje se ne bave sportom ('nesportista')
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za fiziologiju
bHealth Center Bečej, Department of Women and Children's Health Care, Bečej

e-adresaaleksandra.rakovac@mf.uns.ac.rs
Ključne reči: spirometrija; potrošnja kiseonika; sportisti; telesnakompozicija; indeks telesne mase; sport; anaerobni prag; testovi respiratorne funkcije
Sažetak
Uvod. Postoji velika zainteresovanost za identifikovanje faktora koji utiču na vrednost maksimalne potrošnje kiseonika. Cilj rada bio je procena telesnog sastava, respiratornih parametara i maksimalne potrošnje kiseonika kod osoba koji se bave različitim sportovima i osoba koje se ne bave sportom ('nesportisti'). Materijal i metode. Istraživanje je obuhvatalo 149 ispitanika muškog pola: aerobni sportovi (n = 55), anaerobni sportovi (n = 53) i 'nesportisti' (n = 41). Testiranje je sprovedeno na Zavodu za fiziologiju Medicinskog fakulteta Univerziteta u Novom Sadu. Izmereni su: antropometrijski parametri i izračunat je indeks telesne mase. Procenat masne mase je određen bioelektričnom impedancom, respiratorni parametri pomoću spirometra, dok je vrednost maksimalne potrošnje kiseonika merena na bicikl-ergometru. Rezultati. Najviše vrednosti indeksa telesne mase imale su osobe u grupi 'nesportista' i u poređenju sa osobama iz grupe aerobnih sportova statistički se značajno razlikuju (p = 0,01). 'Nesportisti' su imali statistički značajno više vrednosti procenta telesnih masti u odnosu na sportiste (p < 0,001). U sve tri grupe ispitanika nije dobijeno postojanje statistički značajne razlike (p > 0,05) u vrednostima respiratornih parametara. Međutim u pogledu vrednosti maksimalne potrošnje kiseonika između sve tri posmatrane grupe ona postoji (aerobna grupa 53,75 ± 7,82 ml/kg/min; anaerobna grupa 48,04 ± 6,79 ml/ kg/min; 'nesportisti' 41,95 ± 8,53 ml/kg/min) (p < 0,001). U sve tri grupe zabeležen je nizak stepen koeficijenta korelacije između vrednosti maksimalne potrošnje kiseonika i respiratornih parametara. Zaključak. Telesna konstitucija ima uticaj na parametre plućne funkcije. Vrednost maksimalne potrošnje kiseonika zavisi od vrste sporta i tipa treninga i najviša je kod osoba koje se bave aerobnim sportovima. Postoji nizak stepen koeficijenta korelacije između vrednosti maksimalne potrošnje kiseonika i parametara plućne funkcije unutar svih grupa.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/MPNS1806157R
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 23.08.2018.