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Vojnosanitetski pregled
2018, vol. 75, br. 2, str. 177-184
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.2298/VSP160329336T

Creative Commons License 4.0
Kvalitet života i depresija starih osoba koje se bave fizičkom aktivnošću
aHigher Education School of Professional Health Studies, Belgrade
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju
cUniverzitet u Beogradu, Institut za medicinska istraživanja, Beograd
dUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja

e-adresa: marijatrajkov77@gmail.com

Projekat

Efekti primenjene fizičke aktivnosti na lokomotorni, metabolički, psiho-socijalni i vaspitni status populacije R Srbije (MPNTR - 47015)

Sažetak

Uvod/Cilj. S obzirom na to da se poslednjih decenija broj starih osoba u svetu postepeno povećava, postoji potreba za pronalaženjem faktora koji utiču na kvalitet zdravog starenja. S druge strane, depresija je najčešći psihijatrijski poremećaj kod starih osoba i jedan od najozbiljnijih zdravstvenih problema sa kojima se savremeno društvo suočava. Razmatrajući značaj fizičke aktivnosti za zdravo starenje, postavlja se pitanje da li postoje razlike u kvalitetu života i pojavi depresije kod starih osoba u odnosu na određene karakteristike bavljenja fizičkim aktivnostima. Metode. Razlike u kvalitetu života i pojavi depresije kod starih osoba su ispitane u odnosu na trajanje pojedinačnog treninga i učestalost bavljenja fizičkim aktivnostima na nedeljnom nivou. U ovoj neeksperimentalnoj, deskriptivnoj i komparativnoj studiji poprečnog preseka učestvovalo je 188 osoba starosti od 65 do 84 godina života, i to 90 osoba koje se bave i 98 osoba koje se ne bave fizičkom aktivnošću. Primenjene su Skala kvaliteta života starih ljudi i Gerijatrijska skala depresije. Rezultati. Statistički značajna razlika uočena je u sledeć im domenima kvaliteta života: zdravlje, socijalni odnosi i psihičko i emocionalno blagostanje, kao i u ukupnom skoru kvaliteta života i pojavi depresije. Najviše vrednosti kvaliteta života i najniži stepen ispoljavanja depresije zabeleženi su u grupi osoba čiji pojedinačni trening trajao je 60 minuta ili koji su vežbali dva puta nedeljno. Zaključak. Glavni nalaz ove studije pokazuje da se razlike u trajanju pojedinačnog treninga i u učestalosti bavljenja fizičkim aktivnostima na nedeljnom nivou odražavaju na ukupan kvalitet života, na pojedine domene kvaliteta života i na pojavu depresije kod starijh osoba.

Ključne reči

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