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Acta medica Medianae
2019, vol. 58, br. 4, str. 12-17
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 24/02/2020
doi: 10.5633/amm.2019.0402_NE_RADI
Creative Commons License 4.0
Adaptirane mlečne formule u ishrani dece
aUniverzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet
bUniverzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet + Institute for Public Health, Niš

e-adresa: maja.celebrity@gmail.com

Sažetak

Iz perspektive evolucije, humano mleko predstavlja biološku normu, odnosno zlatni standard kada je u pitanju ishrana novorođene dece, dok se adaptirane formule koriste kao efikasna zamena za ishranu odojčadi. Cilj ovog rada bio je da se na osnovu ankete ispita u kojoj meri se adaptirane mlečne formule koriste kao zamena za humano mleko u ishrani odojčadi, kao i da se ispitaju razlozi za korišćenje i odabir adaptiranih mlečnih formula. Intervjuisano je ukupno 309 ispitanica podeljenih u tri starosne kategorije: one starosti od 20 do 25 godina; od 25 do 30; i preko 30 godina. Od ukupnog broja ispitanica, 62,13% hranilo je odojčad humanim mlekom, 29,13% adaptiranim mlečnim formulama, dok je 8,74% dojilja uz humano mleko dohranjivalo odojčad adaptiranim mlečnim formulama. Analizom podataka dobijene su prosečne vrednosti težine beba, u zavisnosti od toga da li su hranjene humanim mlekom ili adaptiranom mlečnom formulom, nakon tri meseca i utvrđeno je da je postojala statistički značajna razlika u težini beba između žena koje su dojile i koje su hranile odojčad apatiranim mlečnim formulama (p < 0,05). Na pitanje o izvoru preporuke o korišćenju adaptiranih mlečnih formula, najveći broj ispitanica odgovorio je da je preporuku dobio od stane lekara (46,15%), dok je kao razlog korišćenja adaprtirane mlečne formule najveći broj naveo izostanak lučenja mleka (64,10%). Istraživanje pokazuje da odojčad hranjena adaptiranim mlečnim formulama dobija na težini brže od dojene odojčadi, što je tendencija koja može da posluži kao hipoteza da će veštački hranjene bebe kasnije u životu biti gojazne. Benefit same studije bio je da je odluka o korišćenju adaptiranih mlečnih formula, bez obzira na nivo obrazovanja ispitanica, bila rezultat konsultacije sa pedijatrom, a ta činjenica daje poseban značaj kvalitetnom razvoju odojčadi.

Ključne reči

adaptirane mlečne formule; ishrana; odojčad

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