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2021, vol. 62, br. 2, str. 21-27
Dijetetski suplementi vitamina i minerala namenjeni za upotrebu u dečijoj populaciji dostupni na tržištu Republike Srbije
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za farmaciju
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra opšteobrazovnih predmeta
cProton system d.o.o.

e-adresajelena.jovicic-bata@mf.uns.ac.rs
Sažetak
Tokom rasta i razvoja neophodno je obezbediti odgovarajući unos nutrijenata kako bi se obezbedilo dobro zdravlje deteta. Dijetetski suplementi (DS) često se koriste kao dodatni izvor nutrijenata u ishrani. DS vitamina i minerala su najčešće korišćeni DS u populaciji dece, ali podataka o karakteristikama DS za decu je nedovoljno. Ciljevi istraživanja bili su identifikacija vitaminskih i/ili mineralnih DS za decu na tržištu Republike Srbije, procena karakteristika i usklađenosti pomenutih DS sa relevantnim propisima. DS vitamina i/ili minerala za decu na tržištu Republike Srbije su identifikovani na osnovu imena ili navoda na deklaraciji koji jasno ukazuju da je dijetetski suplement namenjen deci. Podaci o sastavu, sadržaju, preporučenom režimu doziranja (maksimalna dnevna doza), farmaceutskom obliku i prisutnim pomoćnim materijama u ispitivanim DS, kao i o prisutnim zdravstvenim izjavama, preuzeti su sa deklaracija DS. Procenjena je usklađenost ispitivanih karakteristika DS sa nacionalnom regulativom, kao i potencijal pomoćnih materija da izazovu neželjene reakcije. Identifikovano je i analizirano ukupno 30 DS vitamina i/ili minerala namenjenih deci na tržištu Republike Srbije. Većina ispitivanih DS je bila multikomponentna (83%). Najzastupljeniji vitamini u ispitivanim DS bili su C, D, A, B6, B12, a minerali cink, gvožđe i jod. Na deklaracijama ispitivanih DS bilo je zastupljeno 58 zdravstvenih izjava, od kojih je 93% bilo u skladu sa nacionalnim propisima. Najčešće zastupljeni farmaceutski oblici ispitivanih DS bili su čvrsti (63%) i tečni (34%) oblici. Pomoćne materije koje mogu izazvati neželjene reakcije bile su zastupljene u 77% ispitivanih DS. Većina procenjivanih karakteristika ispitivanih DS bila je u skladu sa zahtevima iz nacionalnih propisa, ali je istraživanjem identifikovan određen broj regulatornih nedorečenosti u pogledu uređivanja oblasti DS za decu. U budućnosti, bilo bi korisno stručno osavremeniti propise koji opisuju DS, posebno u slučaju osetljivih populacionih grupa u koje spadaju i deca.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni članak
DOI: 10.5937/hraIsh2102021J
primljen: 09.10.2021.
prihvaćen: 22.11.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 18.06.2022.

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