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Ekonomski horizonti
2017, vol. 19, br. 2, str. 109-123
jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/ekonhor1702109D

Creative Commons License 4.0
Teorijska eksplikacija faktora regionalnog rasta i ekonomske konvergencije (divergencije) regiona
aUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Ekonomski fakultet
bUniverzitet u Nišu, Ekonomski fakultet

e-adresa: ddespotovic@kg.ac.rs

Sažetak

Tokom nekoliko poslednjih decenija postoji kontinuirano interesovanje ekonomista za istraživanje ključnih faktora ekonomskog rasta i razvojne konvergencije (divergencije) regiona. Međutim, i pored brojnih teorijskih i empirijskih istraživanja pomenutih kategorija, evidentno je da još uvek ne postoji opšteprihvaćeno objašnjenje ključnih faktora regionalnog rasta. Istovetan zaključak je i kada se ima u vidu postojanje veze između privrednog rasta zemlje i tendencije ka uvećanju, odnosno, smanjenju regionalnih nejednakosti. U radu je data teorijska eksplikacija ključnih faktora regionalnog rasta i fenomena razvojne konvergencije (divergencije) regiona, pet reprezentativnih pravaca u regionalnoj ekonomiji (klasičnog, neoklasičnog, endogenog, nove ekonomske geografije i prostornih inovacionih sistema). Aktuelna privredna stvarnost na globalnom planu, koja govori o sve većoj regionalnoj nejednakosti, potvrđuje ispravnost teorijskih konsidercija predstavnika savremenih teorijskih pravaca u vezi sa analiziranim pitanjima.

Ključne reči

regionalna ekonomija; privredni rast regiona; konvergencija (divergencija) regionalnog razvoja; savremene teorije

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