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Acta agriculturae Serbica
2020, vol. 25, br. 49, str. 51-57
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
objavljeno: 18/09/2020
doi: 10.5937/AASer2049051T
Creative Commons License 4.0
Foliar fertilization with phosphorus and potassium in red clover seed production on an acidic soil
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
aUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, Čačak
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
cn/a
dUniverzitet u Prištini sa privremenim sedištem u Kosovskoj Mitrovici, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Lešak

e-adresa: dalibort@kg.ac.rs

Projekat

Unapređenje tehnologije gajenja krmnih biljaka na oranicama i travnjacima (MPNTR - 31016)

Sažetak

Poljski ogled sa četiri sorte crvene dateline K-39, K-17, Una i Viola je postavljen na zemljištu tipa lesivirana smonica, kisele reakcije (pHH2O 4.8) sa ciljem da se odredi uticaj folijarnih tretmana fosforom i kalijumom na prinos i komponente prinosa semena. Folijarna primena fosfora i kalijuma (P52K34) je izvršena u fazi intenzivnog rasta tokom drugog porasta u drugoj godini proizvodnje. U periodu od cvetanja do žetve su analizirane najvažnije komponente prinosa i prinos semena. Folijarna primena fosfora i kalijuma je imala značajan pozitivan uticaj na prinos semena i komponente prinosa semena pojedinih sorti crvene deteline u pojedinim godinama. Najpozitivniji uticaj je zabležen kod sorti K-37 i viola. Različit uticaj folijarno primenjenih mineralnih hraniva na sorte je rezultat njihovih fenotipskih razlika. Folijarni tretman mineralnim hranivima je dao najbolje rezultate u 2011. godini, kada su klimatski uslovi za uspevanje crvene deteline bili najpovoljniji. Generalno posmatrano, prinos semena sorti crvene deteline je povećan pod uticajem folijarne prihrane za 105 kg ha-1. Pozitivan uticaj folijarnog tretmana fosforom i kalijumom se pripisuje neophodnosti ovih elemenata u mnogim procesima u biljci. Rezultati ukazuju da folijarna primena mineralnih hraniva u semenskoj proizvodnji crvene deteline na kiselim zemljištima može biti prihvatljiva mera u uslovima kada su obezbeđeni i ostali uslovi za postizanje visokih prinosa.

Ključne reči

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