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Vojno delo
2019, vol. 71, br. 8, str. 214-227
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
objavljeno: 17/01/2020
doi: 10.5937/vojdelo1908214R
Strategijska kultura kao faktor definisanja energetske politike Evropske unije i Ruske federacije
Univerzitet Educons, Fakultet za primenjenu bezbednost, Sremska Kamenica

Sažetak

Osnovni cilj rada je analiza uticaja strategijske kulture (u smislu sadržaja, pravca i trajanja) na strategije energetske politike u Evropskoj uniji i Ruskoj Federaciji. Studija strategijske kulture pomaže da se razume i interpretira državna politika u različitim oblastima, da se razumeju određeni politički manevri u širem istorijskom kontekstu i, posledično, pomaže da se pravilnije predvidi ponašanje određene države. Energetska bezbednost jedna je od osnovnih pretpostavki koja doprinosi rastu, razvoju, stabilnosti, suverenitetu i razvoju veoma važnog osećaja sigurnosti kod građana. Ruska Federacija ima ključnu ulogu u svetskoj energetskoj politici. Zbog toga su njeno prisustvo, ponašanje i diplomatski potezi od dominantne važnosti kada je u pitanju globalna energetska bezbednost i mogućnost prevencije ili stvaranja animoziteta, odnosno ostvarivanje preduslova za mir i stabilnost. Sa druge strane, Evropska unija je veoma zavisna od uvoza energenata, zbog čega je tokom vremena razvijala nekoliko strategija u pokušaju da reši problem energetske bezbednosti, pri čemu nisu ostvareni očekivani rezultati, što je dovelo do problema između samih zemalja članica Unije. Buduće strategije energetske bezbednosti su pod znakom pitanja. Evropska unija i Ruska Federacija imaju veoma slične strategije energetske bezbednosti; obe strane su suštinski orijentisane ka istim ciljevima kada je u pitanju energetska bezbednost, ekonomski prosperitet i održavanje određenog prestiža na geopolitičkoj sceni, ali je to zasnovano na gotovo dijametralno suprotnim vizijama, uz upotrebu različitih načina implementacije i uz različite standarde evaluacije.

Ključne reči

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