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Medicinski časopis
2012, vol. 46, br. 1, str. 41-46
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: prikaz
objavljeno: 09/07/2012
doi: 10.5937/mckg46-1177
Depresivnost kod studenata medicine
aUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Medicinski fakultet
bDom zdravlja, Zdravstveni centar, Užice
cUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Medicinski fakultet + Klinički centar Kragujevac, Klinika za psihijatriju

e-adresa: marinela.knezevic@gmail.com

Projekat

Farmakološka analiza efekata biološki aktivnih supstanci na izolovane glatke mišiće gastrointestinalnog i urogenitalnog trakta čoveka (MPNTR - 175007)
Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 175004

Sažetak

Mentalne bolesti i poremećaji predstavljaju sve veći zdravstveni problem u studentskoj populaciji širom sveta. Postojeći podaci ukazuju na visoku učestalost simptoma depresije kod studenata medicine koja se održava i kasnije kod lekara. Cilj rada je da pregledom dosadašnjih studija ukažemo na učestalost, faktore rizika za razvoj, posledice i mogućnosti tretmana depresivnosti kod studenata medicine. Zaključak gotovo svih studija jeste da su studenti medicine depresivniji u odnosu na opštu populaciju. Učestalost simptoma depresije varira u opsegu od 10 do 60%. Pojava depresije kod studenata medicine udružena je sa lošijim kvalitetom života, smanjenjem radne efikasnosti i povećanom upotrebom benzodiazepina. Studenti medicine manje u odnosu na opštu populaciju koriste odgovarajuće zdravstvene usluge iako za to imaju relativno bolje mogućnosti. Svega se 20-30% studenata sa simptomima depresije obraća za pomoć odgovarajućim zdravstvenim službama a otprilike isti broj koristi odgovarajuću terapiju. Zbog visokog nivoa psiholoških teškoća kod studenata medicine treba kroz određene vidove psihološke i socijalne podrške intervenisati kako bi se poboljšalo mentalno zdravlje i kvalitet života budućih lekara.

Ključne reči

depresija; studenti, medicine; zdravstvena edukacija

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